In an Upcoming Presentation, I will highlight the Impact of Truth even when it is ignored, sidelined or misconstrued. Like a Pearl, Truth is actually reinforced by attempts to Supress it. Very often, efforts against Truth serve as Beacons inspiring the Pursuit of Truth for those Dedicated to Truth!
Note: Written in 2011 – a Chapter from The Serpent, Eagle, Lion & the Disk
Significantly, the hieroglyphic symbol for HR – Har – Heru is the Falcon. This represents Garuda the Eagle of Hari – Vishnu. Garuda is in fact a form of Hari. The hieroglyphic symbol for child is a child putting his hand to his mouth – Krishna eating butter
“Cobra, to the sky! Horus’s centipede, to the earth! Horus’s sandal has stepped, nãj-snake. The nãj-snake is for Horus, the young boy with his finger in his mouth.”
Note: In 2010 vedicempire.com published this article positing prehistoric links between India, SE Asia and Australia. Commonalities in both language and place names, along with several Vedic artifacts, indicated ancient contacts between these cultures. Then in 2013, DNA studies confirmed this theory to be a historical fact. Ancient Indians did indeed reach Australia many centuries ago. Time and again the Vedic conclusions are validated as accurate. The Veracity of the Vedic Conclusions are Verifiable and provide the final Verdict in the investigation of Truth. BP
By John Welch
South-East Asian Hindu Ship-Voyages to East Australia
The Aboriginal legends and languages of central-east Australia suggest contact with Hindus and Hindu Civilization. For 2000 years, many historic Indian settlements spread throughout South East Asia. Hindu culture and religion was preeminent from the borders of modern Iran to the isles of the Philippines. From that time, the increasing wealth, population and thus prestige of Sanskrit-brahmin guided Hindu kingdoms motivated the usage of gold for coins, sculptures and decoration of temples and palaces. Sumatra, in modern Indonesia, was known as an “island of gold” and an 11th century hoard of royal Javanese gold bullion is preserved in Indonesia, and was exhibited in Brisbane 10 years ago. In the 14th century, Hindu Javanese gold-miners sailed to Philippines to prospect and mine, and a gold sculpture from that era is now in the USA. The nagara “royal city” of Angkor Wat consumed artworks of many types, and logically this would include gold in great quantities. The evidence shows that the Hindu Kingdoms’ search for gold led them to the shores of Eastern Australia. There they found the mother lode.
In 1858 at Gympie north of Brisbane, a legend about foreigners who came to dig for yellow stones was recorded by early British settlers. Gympie was “Meru’ndai” according to the Australian “ng’tja guru” elders. In Indonesia, “Meru’ndai” means “beautiful Meru”, and Bali language “ngajahin guru” means “training. teacher”. In the 1860s a hill at Meru’ndai had a circle of pillars with a wheel shaped stone in the centre, and 7 levels with stone-lined terraces. Indra sends floods to the world which is shaped as a wheel. Early Tamil temples had a wheel shape and the work that was involved in building this one indicates the size of the population at the gold-mine. Aboriginals were fearful of the temple spirits, which shows that they were not the builders. It is near the river at Gympie and the bay south of Fraser Island. In 1867 gold was found by Europeans and the cut stones of the temple were removed by European gold-miners , to build houses. They collected 4 tons of gold by hand in the 1800s as well as from the deep mine, and today Gympie near Brisbane is the 8th biggest gold-mine in Australia and gold is still collected in the creeks.The temple pillars today are in the river to protect the river-bank, and a bulldozer was used to dig holes searching for gold in the hill. Only some terrace stone-walls remain, and a few photos of carved animals. (1). Click here for an exquisite sample of Gympie Gold inlaid Quartz.
The country of Meru’ndai at Gympie also included Fraser Island, where the Batjala people called the island Gurree. In that legend,Gurree was a beautiful white sky-spirit princess who created mountains in south Queensland and the island named Gurree, where she looks at the sky reflected in the pure lakes of rain-water in white sand.(2).The legend reminds me of Gauri, the shining white spirit wife of Shiva who washed her in Himalayan snow. She was a creator to balance the destructive power of Shiva, who is also named Indra.
At Brisbane, south of Meru’ndai, the word Indooroopilly means “running waters”. Indra sends rain and liberates rivers, as he did by killing the snake Vritra who held back rivers. Indra is carved at Angkor Wat with a rainbow snake. In Tamil, “piili” means tap-water, and in Malay he is named “Inderah”. Kings in Sri Lanka used to float in a river to represent Indra sending rain, and “Indra floating” is “Indra pilavana”.
Indonesian pilek means “running nose from a cold”, and pilu means “moved”. Examples of words which combine Indra are : Indriya “belonging to Indra” ; Indrasita “sent by Indra”; Indragopa “insects that come after rain”. Indrapura is a city of Indra in Sumatra, as is Bangkok in Thailand, and Indratataka is the great irrigation lake of Indra at Angkor Wat. Indra made Tirta Empul “sacred spring” in Bali, a major temple for Hindus today. “Indradhanus” is the rainbow of Indra, which fits with Indooroopilly as the rain-water, the running water at Brisbane. The word is derived from “Nyindooroopilly”, and in Bali language the prefix “nya” means an impulse going out, such as “desire, watch, join”. Sanskrit “nya” means “led along by”, so Nyindooroopilly would mean “running water from the impulse of Indra”. This is correct Hindu teaching.
The Sanskrit word “dhan” meaning “flowing gift” in “Indra/dhan/us”, appears in the name Dandahra creek at Coombadjha sacred site west of Grafton, north NSW, and may be Sanskrit dhandhara “bountiful flowing stream”. Coombadjha is on a mountaintop with beautiful forest and lyre-birds, and has many sacred sites of the countries of Bundjalung and Gambaingirr which border on it. Kumbhaja is a title of Agastya who was a Hindu author of Vedic texts and is honoured by Tamils as their champion. He subdued or broke down mountains and is today identified with Agastya national park in mountains of Tamil Nadu in India. Aga means “mountains”, astya means “suddued”,and Agastya was connected with mountains in Thailand, Indonesia and Cambodia. The star Canopus which was used as a south polar star for ship navigation in the southern hemisphere, was named for Agastya Kumbhaja. That Kumbhaja star rises in March near the Southern Cross as the Indian Ocean becomes calm before the monsoon trade winds begin blowing from India towards Asia. Agastya also means “from the mind of Indra and Shiva”. 2500 years ago, Agastya Kumbhaja was the uncle of Kaundinya in Tamil Nadu, and a Kaundinya prince ruled the first Hindu kingdom in Cambodia, 2000 years ago. Australia has names and legends of the Southern Cross, and Gamilari language has a word meaning “meeting place under the Southern Cross’. The South Pole is on the axis of Meru. Coombadjha is sacred to Bundjalung and Gambaingirr people.
Gambaingirr teach that “miira” the moon gives the balance in nature and gives energy to people.Sanskrit “mihira” is the moon, a form of Surya the sun, and means to lift up waters for rain. Bali language omits the /h/ in words so that the Aboriginal reflects the Bali pronunciation.Vaharamihira, or Mihira, was a famed astronomer 1500 years ago and is honoured by a wall-mural in India’s parliament. Gidgeon Miiral is the island in Coff’s Harbour of Gambaingirr, and the moon causes rip-tides and floods against those who ignore the laws. (3).Boats can enter the river there only at hightides. The astronomy of Kumbhaja and Mihira would be vital for ships navigating past the Queensland Barrier Reef and locating rivermouths for landing. Possibly the ships were exploring for gold and sailed south from Meru’ndai in Queensland. “Meru daksina” means the South Pole.
Bundjalung is the country between Coombadjha and Brisbane and west to the mountains. Bundjalung people remember that a ship arrived from Ngareenbeil, meaning “overseas islands”. (4).In Old Bali language, “negarinbeli” means “your beloved countryman”, a high status word used by a princess to a prince, and fits the idea of Ngareenbeil as referring to Bali. (5).”Negara” means the ritual Hindu government in Java-Bali, and means the state in Malaysia. In a similar way, Bundjalung “ngari” means “ritual dance”, and “borroon” is the dance ring of Meru’ndai. Bara in Thailand is the dance-room of the king, and Cambodian borei is the royal temple. Sanskrit “nagara” became the word nekhor, or “Angkor” Wat, in Cambodia.
Thus, Cambodia had “nagara borei”, and east Australia had “ngari borroon”. At the boorroon, elders sat on a raised platform, a “dhur”. Sanskrit “dhur” means “title, summit”. Bundjalung “budar budarum” means to speak of ancient knowledge. Bundjalung legend says the 3 men on the ship spread out to other Aboriginal countries and gave them language and laws and in this way people kept in contact with overseas laws. Mahaji as great conqueror is a title of Shiva in Thailand, as in majji meaning “he conquered”. Mahhji is the strong god of Bundjalung at Grafton, where the ship from Bali landed.
The ngatja elders of Meru’ndai resemble the “nkata” elders of Bundjalung, and “ngajahin” guru of Bali. 500 years ago, the Sanskrit Hindu kingdoms of Angkor Wat and Java were defeated and brahmins and craftsmen escaped to Bali by ship, and Macassan fishermen were sailing to Cape York in north Australia. They gave about 600 words to north Australian languages, such as ruppiah for “money”. (6).
2000 years ago, India had ships 50 metres long weighing 600 tons for trade with east Asia. The ship which arrived in Bundjalung at Yamba near Grafton had 3 men, named : Mamoon which is a Sanskrit and Bali name meaning “maternal uncle”; Ya Birrein meaning “the one who begins” and Birrung “the end”, in Old Bali language. The woman with them was Gaminya, in Sanskrit “the one who walks”. She became known as a goanna lizard, and was also named Dirrangan and had power to make a storm when she became angry at being left behind by the ship. Dirrangan was the angry woman who
blocked the river by moving mountains, until Balugaan the hunter liberated the river. Her name “Dirrangan” may be seen in Sanskrit dhira meaning “the mind”, and the Indonesian expression diri anggota meaning “personal election” in political voting for government. In Bali, diri means an individual person. In the language on the west of Bundjalung, dhirrin means “personal escape “. Bali angga means “one-self”, and angen means “thinking”. Dirrangan seems to mean “personal thoughts”.
Dirrawong was also a goanna lizard,and may be seen in Bali language “wong” which means “person”. He fought against the Rainbow Serpent named Waugal, which may be from Bali warni meaning “colour”, and warna which means “appearance”. In Bali language, galih is “bone” and galang means “evident”, so “Waugal” then has the sense of “coloured appearance evident”, which fits the Rainbow Snake.
Dirrawong chased the offending Rainbow Snake named Kurrea down the Clarence River. West of Brisbane the snake is Gurriya, at Goondiwindi, in Gamilaroi country. The Bundjalung legend about a blocked river is connected with a similar legend at Dirranbandi near Goondiwindi. Sanskrit bhandi means “to bind. block rivers”, so the word Dirranbandi resembles Dirrangen Dirrawong. Gurriya the Rainbow Snake is seen in the local word goori “pink-yellow lizard”, goora “flowers”, possibly red-yellow. Gora was a name of Indra sun-god and means “yellow-red”, thus the Rainbow Snake colours. The word “ya” is the pronoun in both Sanskrit and Bundjalung, so that “goora ya” may mean “the one who is yellow-red”. Gauri and Indra and Agastya Kumbhaja are named together in some Hindu texts.
In Gamilaroi language, “kamil” means a man’s spirit, as in Indonesian language. At Goondiwindi, the Gamilaroi title for a local elder is Ngurampaa, guardian of sacred teachings. (7). In Bali, ngurah is a royal title, as in Ngurah Rai Airport, and Mpu means a semi-divine ruler, which would combine as Ngurah Mpu. A similar term in India is parampara “respected line of teachers”. In legend, a hunter at Goondiwindi used all his weapons to try to kill the Rainbow Serpent who was preventing people catching fish and ducks there. Along the Brisbane river, the snake is also named Goondah Dani Bulu. Goondah in India are thugs and criminals. Like Indra, the Rainbow snake is both good and bad. Danu is the river-goddess in Bali who has a temple on a lake, which is “danau” in Bali.
In Bundjalung, the word booloo means “to plunge into water”. “Goondah” appears as Gundah creek at Coombadjha near Dandahra, which suggests that the rainbow snake Goondah Dani Bulu was fighting there also, and its name may mean “the criminal who plunges into lakes”. In Sanskrit and Bundjalung “windi” means “whistle; hissing”, like a snake. At Goondiwindi, the hunter resembles Indra who used all his weapons against the rainbow snake Vritra.
In Wenaruah country near Newcastle, is a rock-painting of a deity, 1 metre high and with arms 5 metres wide, with bird feet, and with 2 boomerangs .(9) Indra has very long arms and carries a weapon in each hand, and can assume any shape he chooses. “Wenaruah” means “hills and plains” , and in Bali “wena” means “forests” and “ruah” is “countless”, with adjectives following nouns. Wenaruah had treeless plains, but densely rain-forested hills near Barrington Tops mountains.
The Bundjalung word punya means “well-being” and in Bali means “to possess”. Punyah in Cambodia means “pure ,sacred” and Punya Bharata is “blessed land of India”. Punya is an ideal and purpose of the College of Aboriginal Studies at Southern Cross University,Lismore in Bundjalung country – as is “ganna” the Bundjalung word meaning “understanding, the use of knowledge”.(8). Sanskrit gan means “think”, and in Bali ganti is “change, renew”. Agastya Kumbhaja’s knowledge of science and astronomy was “ganita” and in Bali language, guna means “the use, applying knowledge”, just as Bundjalung “ganna”.
Further south, in Victoria there is a rock chamber with a painting that is not in usual Aboriginal style. (9).He may have a third eye. The left shoulder has something folded on it, in Hindu style. The actual body colour is red. His name is Bunjil and the painting is in the mountains west of Bendigo gold-field, where gold nuggets are today found on the surface. In Victoria, bora means the tribal dance ground, like Thailand bara meaning “royal dance-room” and Cambodian borei, dance temple.
The ship of Bundjalung legend was shipwrecked, and so Mamoon and Gaminya became part of the population as ancestors. It seems that Hindu faith influenced east Australia, with the strongest impact in a triangle of 500 km. extent between Fraser Island, Coffs Harbour and Goondiwindi. Today, Brisbane City Council is at Indooroopilly, the Hindu running waters of Brisbane.
1. B Green, from historical notes of J Green, 1863.
2. “Written in Sand” F Williams, Jacaranda. 1982.
3. Coffs Harbour Tourism, Gydgeon Miiral island.
4. “Australian Dreaming” Dr J Isaacs, Cam. 1996.
“Papers of Marjorie Oakes”. Australian Institute Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander Studies. Canberra.
“Dictionary of Bundjalung” Dr M Sharpe, UNE Armidale.
5. Dr Darma Putra, School of Languages, UQld Brisbane.
6. Dr McC Taylor, Asian Studies, ANU Canberra.
7. Michael Anderson, Ngurampaa elder of Euahlayi of Gamilaroi.
8. Dr J Atkinson, College of Aboriginal Studies, SCU Lismore.
9. “Riches of Ancient Australia” Dr J Flood, UQld Brisbane, 1990.There appears to be evidence that ships from Indonesia sailed to east Australia, between Fraser Island and Yamba NSW, before British settlement. Aboriginal legends of Bundjalung (North coast NSW) and Kabi Kabi (Sunshine coast Qld) seem to corroborate that ships arrived, evidently from Java-Bali at 500-1000 BP. Many mythic-hero words in the languages of central east Aust. are appropriate names in Indonesian Hindu culture, as are the names in these 2 legends. (Dr Darma Putra. School of Languages. U Qld). Indonesia has exhibited gold artefacts of Javan Hindu kingdoms from 800 BP. .The Qld legend describes foreigners digging yellow stones at Gympie, from 10 years before British discovered gold there which is today the 8th largest Aust. gold-mine. There are about 600 Sanskrit-Indonesian words in north Australia (Dr McComas Taylor. ANU), and Macassan fishing boats reached Cape York. Maori voyages in the Coral Sea indicate the possibility of Indian-built trading ships reaching NSW from Bali.
Author: Vrin Parker (Former nom de plume) Publication: Cultural Genocide
Date: January 24, 2003
“All gold and silver that once covered sacred temples and stupas was torn down, melted and taken away. In 1941 the State Bank received 30.9 tons of gold and about 60 tons of silver. Religious chalices, icom lamps and statues alone accounted for more than 60,000 pieces and the number of saddles, harnesses, traditional knives, smoke pipes lavishly decorated with silver, gold and precious stones simply is not available.
Not much remains now of the flourishing Buddhist culture in Mongolia. Only two dozens temples remain as sad remainders of the former glory.”
Buddhist monasteries in Mongolia were renowned for their their wealth and splendor, containing treasures of material and intellectual culture collected during the centuries of Buddhist religion development.
Full of life with crowds of pilgrims, believers and monks, they served as major centers of culture and education as well as the community life.Datsans or teological institutes and various schools offered education in all areas of Buddhist knowledge: pholosophy, medicine, astronomy, arts and mathematics.
35,000 Mongolians were Massacred. With a population of only 740,000, Mongolia lost 5% of it’s population. That’s equivalent to 50,000,000 dead & 17,500,000 dead for India and the US respectively. Today’s Mal-Educated Acceptance of the provably false “Over Population” theory Condones Genocide. Thus the world is quickly leading to both the Acceptance, Participation and Decimation of Humanity. All former Genocides, were mere Practice Runs. India’s People, Ancient Traditions and particularly , the Gold & Gems of Srirangam, other Ancient Temples are the Primary Target!
Monasteries served as the main centers of cultural and social life attracting thousands of belivers.
“Their way of education is very open and relaxed. Everyday excercises in dialectics in front of class mates or important people, the atmosphere of freedom – all these make one very vivacious, eliminates shyness and teaches to be audacious, often on the brink of being daring…” described the monastery life at the turn of century B. Baradiin, a Russian researcher of Buddhism.
But 1937 arrived and nothing of this splendor and grandeur remained.
35,000 Mongolians were outright Butchered in a Physical Genocide. The elimination of these Traditional Mongolian Cultural Icons and Activists thus enabled the Communists to carry out a Brutal Campaign of Cultural Genocide. Millions of religious canons, books, records were burned and monasteries destroyed.
The report of the Religious Affairs Department from August, 1939: “Out of 767 registered monasteries 724 have been demolished.” This included more than 2,000 temples, 312 datsans or religious schools along with classes and libraries.
The final report notes that half of 5,500 buildings used for religious purposes were destroyed by 1939.
A rough estimation of the conficated property of monasteries can be concluded from the request for “1,006 trucks (three tons each) needed to transport” to the capital city. And this included only the most valuable items like golden and silver statues, precious stones.
Much of this property was send to the Soviet Union. Some available archive records indicate that 70 tons of copper and bronze statues were taken to Russia. Another document, a transportation permission, mentions 1,566 trucks full of Buddhist icons and statues taken in 1939 alone.
All gold and silver that once covered sacred temples and stupas was torn down, melted and taken away.
In 1941 the State Bank received 30.9 tons of gold and about 60 tons of silver. Religious chalices, icom lamps and statues alone accounted for more than 60,000 pieces and the number of saddles, harnesses, traditional knives, smoke pipes lavishly decorated with silver, gold and precious stones simply is not available.
Not much remains now of the flourishing Buddhist culture in Mongolia. Only two dozens temples remain as sad remainders of the former glory.
Under the communist regime nothing should have reminded future generations of the “builders of communism” about the past culture of the nation.
The Lake Baikal Region of Siberia is a true land of Mystery and Wonder. The Lake itself is an incredible testament to the glory and wonder of God’s Creation. As the world’s most ancient and deepest lake it sits upon a fault line that is predicted to split Asia in half.
Lake Baikal contains more water than all the North American Great Lakes combined and represents a staggering 20% of the entire planets fresh water supply. It’s waters abound with Nerpa, the world’s only fresh water seals.
Home to many islands, the island of Olkhan is legendary as a sacred place. In fact it is rumoured to be the actual burial place of Genghis Khan. The people of the region are known as the Buryat and Lake Baikal is a Sacred Sea to them.
Tibetan Lamaist Buddhism is said to arrive in the region a mere 300-200 years ago. It is currently the prominent form of the regions Buddhism, yet history proves the presence of other schools of Buddhism going back many centuries.
Upon the arrival of Tibetan Lamaist Buddhism to the Lake Baikal Region, a harmonious blending of Siberian Shamanism and Tibetan Buddhism occured. The Buddhists missionaries inscribed Sanskrit prayers in a Sacred Cave on the Lake Baikal Island of Olkhan. These inscriptions clearly use the Sacred Mongol/Turkic name of God Tengri in reference to Lord Buddha.
The first words of one prayer read, “Om Burchan Tingiri!”
“The local population make sacrifices in honor of the rock, where in one place mysterious Sanskrit inscriptions are engraved.” Source
Tengri is a sacred name of God and is intentionally and ignorantly mistranslated as ‘Heaven’. In fact it means God. Thus even today some Islamic Turkish tribes apply the name Tengri as being equal and just as authentic as the holy name of Allah.
Undoubtedly we find a direct link between Vishnu and Tengri
The Mongols themselves identify their Supreme God as Koke Mongke Tengri which literally means “Blue Eternal God.” Religious Exclusivists and Atheists ludicrously translate it to mean “Eternal Blue Sky” despite the very words themselves being “Blue Eternal God.”
Siberia’s Tibetan Buddhists were not the first to identify Tengri and Buddha as one. It is a recognition that goes back thousands of years. The Vaishnava traditions of India identify this same Buddha as a Vishnu Avatar. Combining this fact with the Buddhist recognition of Tengri as a form of Buddha with the Turkic Muslim prayers identifying Allah as Tengri, we find a direct link connecting Vishnu/Krishna, Buddha, Allah and Tengri. Clearly the same Divine Lord is at the Foundation of these four prominent world religious traditions.
I’d love to end the article there but it would be a disservice to the truth and to the people of Lake Baikal. Their experiences under the brutality of Soviet rule and their cultural revival serve as both a stark warning and a beacon of hopeful inspiration to the world.
Despite 70 years of enforced Soviet Marxist cultural sterilization, Native traditions have not only recovered, but are now flourishing.
They were uprooted for decades and kept from practicing their cultural traditions. Now Buryat shamanism is blossoming once again at Lake Baikal – the Sacred Sea, as it is called in Siberia.
A 2016 Deutsche Welle article highlights the detrimental impact of Communism on the local culture. Highlighting this reality, the article quotes a Buryat Shaman named Irina Tanganova.
“For 70 years the Buryats, like other Soviet citizens, had to believe in the USSR, learn Russian and memorize the “Moral Code of the Builder of Communism.” Many forgot their own language during that time, not to mention their religion.”I found my faith later. Much later, when I turned 60,” confesses Irina. “My grandmother was a shaman, too. But not my mother, she lived during Soviet times and was not allowed to be. That is why she died so young.”
As the Marxist assault upon the Western world and India rages on, it behooves people to investigate the experiences of those who actually lived through the cultural sterilization and genocide that is Communism. These forces target religion, family and the nation state. Not based upon altruistic social motivations, but in order to remove and supplant indigenous power structures. As history proves, once these native societal structures are gone, the next step is slavery or the gulag.
In closing I share a quote from a 1995 article from Sacred Sites. It features a Buryat bemoaning the loss of their tradition culture. “Baikal lake has numerous sacred sites and monuments. The challenge for today is preserving this time honored sacred place, one of the world’s most unique regions. In the words of one Buryat, “In ancient times all life was considered sacred. Now those times are gone, nobody thinks about it any more.” Now the authors of this article join with other concerned people around the world in bringing attention to the great northern sacred sea.”
By The Met Fifth Avenue
As described in the Bhagavata Purana, the youthful Krishna miraculously raises Mount Govardhan, near Mathura in northern India, to protect the villagers and cowherds from a great rainstorm sent by Indra. The sculptor of this image, active in the Phnom Da workshops, clearly understood the essence of his subject. It is evident that this sculpture evolved from a long-standing local tradition, which, by the seventh century, had surpassed any Indian prototypes that were remembered. A twelfth-century Phnom Da inscription credits a group of seven cult images to the patronage of an early Funan ruler and lists a Krishna Govardhana in the group. This sculpture is likely one of those works.
Recovered in 1944 from a cave at Phnom Da, Angkor Borei, Takeo province, southern Cambodia.
Note: Originally Written and Compiled from Facebook Comments in 2013. Some links unavailable
In an upcoming article in Hindu Today magazine I will highlight Chinese ancient Vedic Civilization. basically we know from the vaishnava perspective that lord krsna was worshiped globally. just as in india buddhism spread anywhere that vedic culture was practiced yet the same terminologies and languages and concepts were used as different methods were developed. (here i refer to mahayana buddhism not therevadan a later atheistic form). so the fact buddhism is present is a proof that an earlier vedic tradition existed. basically lord buddha was accepted as the latest avatar/revelation.
From the historic perspective we see that vietnam’s cham hindus, the khmer, philippines, indonesia all had vibrant ‘hindu’ civilizations and their art, sculptures, temples etc were all indigenous expressions of vedic culture. despite the relatively close proximity to india compared to china these people all represented and maintained their own indigenous forms of vedic art and culture. surely if these closer regions maintained their own vibrant non-indic forms of hinduism the much further china could as well.
If it were solely a case of Indians spreading Indian culture throughout the region surely the closer regions would show such evidence. rather the evidence shows that the natives considered themselves to be just as much a part of vedic civilization as the people of india. thus we see the greatest river in south east asia is called Me Kong or Ma Ganga. This is its primal name of the river, and it is still at the epicenter of SE asian civilization. its not a new name given after they ‘converted’ to hinduism. there was no conversion per se rather there was a loss and a dilution. this combined with the outright hostility of later socio-political forces led to the virtual extinction of the many vedic civilizations of the region.
The shrinking of the living vedic cultures to the subcontinent of India only means india has maintained vedic civilization and not that indian civilization has shrunk. And there are thousands of examples of these native expressions of hinduism to this day. Balinese Hinduism is a case in point. the evidence suggests the same phenomenon existed in ancient china as well. Facebook link unavailable
Ancient Chinese records reveal that there were 3 Vedic temples in one Chinese city within the same time period. In 750 AD there were 3 Chinese Monasteries full of Brahmins as well. The Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD) have been identified as being ‘Hindu’ for 2 Generations. A Deity of Lord Shiva was installed, by Royal Decree (Firman), for the ‘Well Being’ of the Chinese Emperor.
In the above album there are clear examples of non-indic vedic architecture and artistic style. china was home to its own vedic civilization.
India sent out Cultural Revivers and Never Converters. As the epicenter and ancient global capital and home of the Rishis, the region of modern India has always been the Guru to the World. India was the political capital as well. Thus throughout history, waves of Indian Sages and Kings have revived the worlds original Vedic Civilization. Today, only India is called Bharat, yet once, the entire world was called Bharat. The very word Brother = Bharaters, reflects this fact.
As I point out in my upcoming article the carvings at the kaiyuan temple are vedic. there are others as well from a hindu temple that was known to have existed in the 600s AD. also chinese records state that there were 3 hindu temples in one chinese city in the same time period. in 750 ad there were 3 monasteries full of brahmins as well. the tang dynasty was hindu for 2 generations. thre are many other examples of this chinese hinduism. regarding the kaiyuan temple carvings they are definetly influenced by tamil art but the original shiva temple and the very diety of shiva were direclty connected to the chinese as well. the temple had been there from aat least the 600s and the diety was in fact installed (according to the bilingual erroneous tamil and accurate chinese inscriptions) by a royal decree (firman) of the chinese emperor for the ‘well being’ of the chinese emperor.
We can gain a better insight by looking at this issue from the socio-politcal view. the direct imprint of hindu/vedic civilization can be found across the entire region from afghanistan to the philippines. yet rarely do we find actual kings or armies from india spreading out from india to conquer these regions. being native to the regions the vedic cultural imprint functioned organically and harmoniously and never relied upon outsiders. ankgor wat, the myson shiva temples of vietnam, indonesias epic hindu temples and cities, none of these were built by indians but rather by the natives themselves. the same phenomenon repeated itself in china, japan and mongolia as well.
There’s no doubt, just as today, that indians were involved in the functioning of these non indic vedic cultures as well. thus we see many buddhist monks from india spreading buddhism but not as a new religion but a new revival and expression of Sanatana Dharma. this was surely not a new practice and many vedic acharyas must have also traveled widely and there is proof of this as well. as in the temple art above a tamil has been directly named as the ‘donor’ yet the inscription commemorating this is written in a tamil full of errors. so no these vedic artifacts do not represent the art of an enclosed ‘indic’ colony separate from the mainstream chinese community. this is also evident by the many other hindu artifacts found beyond the kaiyuan temple highlighted in the album. Facebook link unavailable
Also it is interesting that when the durga deity was rediscovered in the 1980s or 90s she was buried within a wall of an old building. upon her discovery the chinese people built a shrine and restablished her worship. however being separated from the original siddhanta she was installed as kuanyin. though her exact identity was not known the proper mood of worship was established. Facebook link unavailable
It is also crucial to remember that Mao’s ‘cultural’ revolution is responsible for detroying thousands of vedic artifacts. many proofs have thus been lost and destroyed. a major effort was made to obliterate all evidence of vedic culture in china and in mongolia as well.
In conclusion these are examples of indigenous chinese vedic culture which was invigorated by a strong cultural interflow between ancient india and china. since time and immemorial indian saints and kings recharged china’s natural inherent dharmic foundations. that dharma however itself is the natural constitution of every human being. thus every civilization has at its core its own indigenous experiential revelation of the divine. as srila prabhupada said krsna has countless avatars and he has appeared to every species even within the ant community.
Go here to Vietnam’s Da Nang Museum of Hindu Cham Art.
Note: Originally written in May 2009. Some original images unavailable
Recently on the FHRS (Foundation for Hindu Religious Studies) forum a scholar was questioning the value of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s Bhakti Movement. I wont get into the ‘religious’ aspects of the post doubting whether Chaitanya is truly an avatar of Krsna. However the lack of recognition to the global and immense impact of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s message must be responded to. I recognize the angst of many Hindus regarding the long term trauma and ongoing injustices perpetrated against India’s Dharmic traditions. However it is not helpful to denigrate our own traditions, avatars, sampradayas and gurus and become confused as to the how, where, why and what is truly behind the assault against Bharat Mata and its culture and civilization. First it must be understood that according to Gaudiya Siddhanta Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is Krsna as His own devotee. He came to teach us how to be devotees and how to function in an asuric society. He therefore came to teach us how to survive in the modern era. Running around with Chakras and swords is not an equitable approach. Yet empowering oneself with Bhakti Shakti is a path that is available to one and all.
We must keep in mind that India is not the entire world nor are Indians the only ones faced with oppression. Therefore Krsna came as Caitanya to guide the entire humanity towards perfection.
I must point out that if it were not for Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Prabhupada I personally would not be a Vedic Follower what to speak of a being a Vedic activist. Therefore I am forever grateful to them for their message and mission to bring the teachings of India’s Vaishnava culture to the entire world.
In fact many aspects of social awareness and a common acceptance of higher human values amongst non-Indian peoples can be directly connected to the mission of Prabhupada/Chaitanya. This legacy is intentionally downplayed and ignored by mainstream academia and social scientists. Yet it is a fact. Thus from that fact alone Chaitanya’s legacy is profound.
In fact many aspects of social awareness and a common acceptance of higher human values amongst non-Indian peoples can be directly connected to the mission of Srila Prabhupad and Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. This legacy is intentionally downplayed and ignored by mainstream academia and social scientists. Yet it is a fact. Thus from that fact alone Chaitanya’s legacy is profound.
As for the Islamic issue: We can look at it from both the short term and long term perspectives. In both cases we find that the path chalked out by Sri Krishna Caitanya Mahaprabhu is quite effective. In the episodes that are widely known in which Caitanya or His contemporary followers had direct interactions with Muslim leaders, we find that rather than submission He conquered with Love.
First incident involved the Chand Kazi in Navadweep, Bengal. After receiving complaints from some caste-conscious Brahmins that Caitanya was spoiling the Hindu religion the Kazi banned public sankirtan. The Hindu priests were disturbed by Caitanya’s freely welcoming Hindus of all castes as equals and His welcoming Muslims as well into his Harinam Sankirtan mission. Caitanya’s repsonse was not to merely turn the other cheek and accept injustice. Rather He organized a massive civil disobedience march and a huge rally that culminated in front of the Kazi’s residence. In fear for his life the Kazi hid himself but Caitanya Mahaprabhu soothed his fears and arranged a direct face to face meeting.
In this meeting Caitanya Mahaprabhu was lovingly blunt and He challenged the Kazi by telling him that his scripture, the Quran was full of delusions. In the end the Kazi vowed to never dirsupt the Sankirtan movement and even held his descendants to the vow. In fact the Kazi and his family members became committed followers of Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s mission. To this day the tomb of the Kazi is a place of pilgrimage for the Gaudiya Vaishnavas.
“In another incident two of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s most important followers Sri Rupa and Sri Sanatana Goswamis were the high ministers for the Nawab of Bengal. Since this Nawab was intent on attacking Orrisa and other Hindu Kingdoms, they left his service.
“The Moslem emperor of Gauda desh, Nawab Hussein Shah, keen to spread his influence on the local people, conscripted the two brothers into his service, by threatening tribulations on the local people if they did not agree to work for him. Much against their desire, the brothers worked in prominent positions in the Shah’s court. However as pure devotees, they used their wealth and energies in the service of Krishna, by constructing an opulent ‘hidden Vrindavan’ in Ramakeli, immersed themselves in the reading of the Bhagvatam and perfecting their own realizations.” They used their positions to employ many Brahmins and organized many Hindu events.
In other words they used their positions to empower Hindu culture following a path of least resistance.
Haridas Thakur was another prominent follower of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. It is said he was either born in a Muslim family or adopted into one at a very young age. Either way he was considered by the Muslim rulers as an apostate for renouncing his Islamic heritage and was sentenced to death.
“The Nawab rebuked Hari Das, saying, “Chant the names of God as they are found in your own religion and stop practicing other peoples’ religion. If you don’t, you will have to face a very severe punishment.” Hari Das Thakur answered with conviction:
khanda khanda haï deha jay jadi prana tabu ami vadane na charii hari-nama
“You may cut my body to pieces, and the life may leave it. But I will never abandon the Holy Name which my tongue will ever continue to chant.”
(Chaitanya Bhagavat 16.91)
Muslims joining in Sri Chaitanya’s Chanting Party
Hearing this the Nawab ordered Haridas to be publicly beaten to death. “He should be given such a severe punishment that other Muslims will be afraid to convert.”
After being beaten in 22 marketplaces his body was flung into the Ganges. To everyone’s surprise, Hari Das floated to the other shore where he climbed onto dry land and started chanting the Holy Names in a loud voice, walking in the direction of Phuliya. Both the Nawab and the Kazi realized that he was a real saint or pir and they fell to the ground in obeisances and begged him for forgiveness. By his grace, they were able to become free of their evil misdeeds. The Nawab gave Hari Das official permission to go wherever he pleased and to chant the Holy Names.
Rupa Goswami Meets Sri Chaitanya
Vrndavan Das Thakur writes that Caitanya Mahaprabhu was so outraged by this attack on His devotee that He was prepared to kill the Nawab and his henchment. Yet it was Haridas thakur who stopped Him. Thus we see that despite the efforts of the Muslim rulers to hinder the Sankirtan movement, by the strategy of Mahaprabhu and His followers, such efforts always backfired. By these responses the faith in the Hindu traditions were reinforced in the hearts and minds of millions of people. Considering time and circumstances is crucial when confronting imbalances. Caitanya Mahaprabhu perfectly dealt with all situations in an equitable manner.
In another incident, during Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s visit to the Vrndavan/Mathura area He fainted in ecstasy upon hearing the sounds of flute playing reminiscent of Lord Krsna. Some Muslim Pathan soldiers came upon Him and seeing Him unconscious in the company of His followers they assumed that He had been poisoned. They accused Mahaprabhu’s associates of being dacoits who were in the midst of murdering and robbing Caitanya.
The following clearly highlights the fearless yet nonviolent bhakti shakti which was a common feature of Caitanya and His followers. “The Sanoriya Brahmin explained to the Pathan as follows: “I am a Brahmin from Mathura and I know hundreds of people in the Emperor’s court. This sannyasi is my guru and he happens to be ill, which makes him faint from time to time. Tie us up and wait for a few minutes. He will regain consciousness and you will hear the truth from him.” The Pathan listened and said, “I can understand what you two are saying. You are from Mathura, but these two Bengalis are trembling with guilt. They must have done something wrong.” The Rajaputa Krishna Das was acutely aware of the danger of the situation and said, “I live in the neighboring village. I have two hundred Turkish mercenaries with a hundred cannons at my command. I only have to shout and they will come here and take your horses and equipment. I think that you must be highwaymen, not these two Bengalis. You are only interested in robbing pilgrims like us.” The Muslim cavalrymen were cast into doubt by these fearless words. Meanwhile, the Lord came back to consciousness and in a transport of ecstasy, shouted out the names “Hari! Hari!” and began to dance. The Pathan soldiers were overcome by fear when they heard the Lord bellow and saw his ecstatic dancing. They immediately liberated their four prisoners and the Lord never saw his devotees tied up.”
In the end, Mahaprabhu opened the hearts of the Muslims and thus they became His devout followers.The Sufi Pathan began spontaneously to chant the names of Krishna. When Mahaprabhu heard the saintly Muslim chant the Lord’s names, he was pleased, thinking that all the sins that he had accumulated over millions of births had all been destroyed and that he had been purified. The Lord told them all to chant, which they did. He initiated the Sufi Pathan in the holy name and gave him the name Rama Das. When the prince Bijali Khan saw the good fortune of his own servant, he fell down at the Lord’s feet and repeated the name, “Krishna, Krishna.” The Lord also blessed him. “After bestowing his mercy upon them in this way, Mahaprabhu continued on his way. All the Muslim soldiers then became mendicants and were celebrated as the Pathan Vasihnavas. They toured all over the country, glorifying Mahaprabhu’s activities. Bijali Khan became a greatly advanced devotee, and his fame was sung at every holy place of pilgrimage.”
(Chaitanya Charitamrita 2.18.210-2) [Excerpted from “Sri Chaitanya: His Life & Associates” by Srila Bhakti Ballabh Tirtha Maharaj]
Rather than meekly accepting things as they are Caitanya directly challenged those born in Bharat, India.
bharata-bhumite haila manusya janma yarae
janma sarthaka kari’ kara para-upakara
“One who has taken his birth as a human being in the land of India (Bharata-varsa) should make his life successful and work for the benefit of all other people.” (Cc Adi 9.41)
Arabic Bhagavad Gita By AC Bhaktivedanta Swami PrabhupadaArabic Consciousness the Missing Link
When we look at the impact of Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s movement in the long term we see that it has done more than any other branch of Hinduism in sharing its culture with the Islamic world. Prabhupda’s Iskcon Movement has made many inroads whether thru books Arab Bhagavad Gita or the Manipuri Rasa Lila dancers tour of the Middle East.With crowds of 5-10 thousand people in attendance… “There was no objection from anyone to our chanting hare krishna (we even managed to make the audience repeat “Hare Krishna!” after we greeted them in their tradition with “Salaamualaikum”, “Ham
dulllah”! It was ecstatic..”
The Arabic Druze-Krsna center established in Osafia, Israel. The Druze Sheikh Hussein said, “Since we stepped on the holy land of Mayapur, India we felt that we were coming home….”We are very eager to visit the Ganges, because we have heard that simply by touching the water to our heads we will be freed of all sins.” These are all direct results of Prabhupada’s preaching on behalf of Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Srila Prabhupada Speaks with Scholars in Tehran Iran
We also find that during Prabhupada’s world tours, he visited Iran twice and was received with great respect. Even the former Shah of Iran and his family began studying yoga and reading his books. In fact it has been suggested that the the Khomeini was a direct response to the rising influence of Vedic culture amongst the people of Iran.
What to speak of the Muslim world, it is directly due to the mission of Sri Caitanya Dev that Hindu-Vedic culture and ethos are practiced throughout the world.
There is more than one way to success and more than one way to deal with oppression. The path of physical violence has a place at times. However we find that India’s own history has shown that despite the brilliant military successes of Shivaji, the Sikhs, Netaji and others or the political approach of Gandhi none compare to the long term success of Caitanya’s methods. I must also highlight the teachings of Maharashi and his movement have made great inroads throughout the world through the application of India’s ‘Soft Power.”
More than any so-called Eunichism of the Bhakti movement, it was the oppression of caste conscious fanatics that imposed an unyielding and inhumane system upon the people of India. Trapped into their enforced roles amongst society it was easy to entice millions of Hindus to convert to Islam and Christianity and now Communism.
It also important to note that the same Islamic invasions and Colonial imperialism were not solely an Indian affair. In fact looking at it from a global perspective we find that throughout the entire world India is the only surviving and functioning remnant of the world’s ancient indigenous civilizations. Why is this?
Looking at it from a logical perspective I see only two ways to explain this phenomenon. India’s immense population is a source of power and a formidable method for maintaining its traditions. However population alone can not account for India’s cultural survival thus we see that China has barely maintained its cultural identity. Much more significant than its population are those very traditions of India that make India what it is. Paramount amongst those traditions are the Bhakti traditions of India.
In conclusion I hold the exact opposite view regarding the impact of Bhakti on India’s people. Bhakti is Shakti. This is obvious when we compare China and India. Each Bhakta is a powerhouse of commitment and Dharma. Magnify this by the millions and we have a people and a Nation that is vibrant and dynamic. India is far from defeated and the ongoing attacks on India’s Dharmic Soul are evidence of this. For what other reason would the enemies of Hinduism repeatably carry out terror attacks on Mandirs and other Bhakti based sites? They obviously recognize the power of Bhakti as a major obstacle to the destruction of Hinduism! The opposition recognizes that as long as Bharat is a land of millions of Bhaktas it will never succeed in its goals of conquest. Bhakti is the shield of Bharat. Bhakti is the foundation of Bharat! Bhakti is the future hope of the entire world. Bhakti is the beating heart of humanity and nourishes the Soul. As long as India has Bhakti it will not only survive but it will be prosperous, vibrant and continue to be the shining light of the world.
Excellent study on the positive impact of the Bhakti movements
A Comparative and Critical Study of Shankaradeva, Vallabha and Chaitanya