Philippines- A Golden Heritage

Note: This article was originally compiled and published on in 2010. Due to it’s being compiled from various sources, some going back to the 1800s, not all the information is accurate. However the overall conclusion confirming the prehistoric Vedic foundations of Philippine Civilization are undeniable. Long discredited and minimized as an uncivilized backwater, the islands now known as the Philippines, were in fact the epicenter of High Civilization. Sanskrit, the Vedic Traditions and Deities were indigenous throughout the archipelago. It is no exaggeration to call them the ‘Golden Isles’ for it once was home to a vast network of Gold mining, crafting and trade.


When the Philippines drafted its Constitution, it placed the statue of Manu in the Assembly Hall with this inscription on its base: “The first, the greatest and the wisest law-giver of mankind.” Researches into the racial and cultural origins of the Philippines increasingly prove that it was colonized by some people in South India. In fact, the script of the Filipinos has some obvious similarities with that of South India. “Our dialects belong to the Dravidian family.” says Justice Romualdez. “The names of some places on the shores of Manila Bay and the coast of Luzon show their Sanskrit origin.”

Source: Pre-Colonial Philippines
Collection by Jacob Walse-Dominguez·
Pre-Colonial Indic Philippine Culture (clothing, dance, etc)

Indian influence is most patent in handicrafts and the old names of coins used there. Many social customs current there show a likeness to the Indian ones. Saleeby says, “The head-gods of the Indian Triad and the earliest Vedic gods had the foremost place in the minds and devotion of the hill-tribes of Luzon and Mindanao. A Ganesha statue too was found there. Indeed as Beyer says, “India has most profoundly affected the Philippine civilization.” 

Even the national flower of Philippines is the Indian Champaka. The Indian influence on Philippines is explicable by the fact that it was that it was for 150 years a colony of a Java-based Hindu Empire of Sri Vijaya. (source: The Soul of India – By Satyavrata R Patel p. 30).

Indigenous Filipino Vedic Ceremony

“It is impossible to believe that the Hindus, if they came only as merchants, however great their number, would have impressed themselves in such a way as to give to these islanders, the Philippines, the number and the kind of words, which they did give. These names of dignitaries, of caciques, of high functionaries of the court, of noble ladies, indicate that these high positions, with names of Sanskrit origin, were occupied at one time by men, who spoke that language. The words of similar origin, for objects of war, fortresses and battle songs, for designating objects of religious beliefs, for superstitions, emotions, feelings, industrial and farming activities, show us clearly that the warfare, religion, literature, industry and agriculture were at once time in the hands of the Hindus and that this race was effectively dominant in the Philippines.” (source: El Sanscrito en la langua Tagalag – T H Pardo de Tavera Paris 1887; The Philippines and India – Dhirendra Nath Roy Manila 1929 and India and The World – By Buddha Prakash p. 119-120).

Source: 10 Reasons Why Life Was Better In Pre-Colonial Philippines

In the early stages of this lecture, I have already referred to the Iron age finds in the Philippines bearing close resemblance to objects found in South India about the same period, more than a thousand years before Christ, and also to other evidences of trade contact with Malaya, Indo-China North Borneo and Philippines in those remote times. The Spanish who dominated the Philippines in recent centuries are not likely to have preserved religious and cultural antiquities of other faiths.

Source: Pre-Colonial Philippines
Collection by Jacob Walse-Dominguez·
Pre-Colonial Indic Philippine Culture (clothing, dance, etc)

In 1820, however, a copper image of Siva was discovered in one of those islands which points to a remote period in which the worship of Siva had been introduced by South Indian merchants.

That these facts are by no means unsupported by other evidence may be shown by the remarks made by Mr. Phiroz Kutar, Technical Director, which were reported in the Madras ‘Hindu’ (October 1954):

“Researches into the cultural and racial origins of the people of Ceylon and of countries lying eastward have shown that they were once colonised from South India and in particular the Filipino script has striking similarities with that of Tamilark. These researches have also shown that Filipino dialects belonged to the Dravidian family.”   


Glittering Evidence    

By Ric Vil Hori

Here is a shining, and literally so, presentation produced by the Probe Team, a local video documentary show, entitled Gintong Pamana (Golden Heritage) about the discovery of excellent gold artifacts and jewelries dating from 10th to 13th century in Surigao, Mindanao island, in what could be one of the most important, tangible heritage not just of this country, which for decades had been groping in the dark as to the legacies of pre-colonial history, but in Asia as well that could rewrite history like never before.

Gold Sacred Brahmin Thread

This may also be the a glittering evidence mentioned from my previous blog, of spices and empires, that indeed this nation was once a place renowned in the ancient times for its unusual abundance of gold mentioned from the account of ancient Greeks (known as Chryse, the Golden One), Indians (Suvarnadvipa, Islands of Gold), Chinese (Chin-chou , Isle of Gold, Lusung Dao or “Luzon daw”), and even in biblical account to the court of King Solomon (Ophir)!

Even the Spanish historian who sailed with Magellan’s expedition, Pigafetta, exclaimed that gold in the islands were so abundant that just a simple dig could produce gold nuggets the size of walnuts.

The sudden disappearance of such treasures upon the arrival of colonizers were enigmatic, but the discovery of the Surigao gold artifacts provided clue that unlike ancient mainstream practices, the natives of these islands buried their gold even when the owners were yet alive (and in connection with previous discussions, sought the aid of their anitos or Elemental deities for safeguarding of such treasures from vile agendas, a practice that mainstream “modern” paradigms exacerbated by bigotry may not comprehend as to the reality it once held in the lives of these ancient, prosperous ancestors).

The whole documentary is generally presented in the local language, Tagalog. Even for foreigners who may not understand the tongue, witnessing the sheer excellence, intricate craftsmanship, priceless historical value, almost ethereal quality of the ancient golden artifacts may still leave anybody speechless.



Vedic Philippines: 900 AD – Earliest known Calendar-Dated Filipino Document

Note: I published this on the old back in 2010 with another article entitled ‘Philippines- A Golden Heritage‘. Inspired research of Native Filipino scholars and activists has revealed a tremendous historical past. Rather than an illiterate isolated island group, the ancient Philippine Civilizations were in fact highly cultured, literate and part of a vast trade network spanning half the globe.

It is the earliest known calendar-dated document used within the Philippine Islands.[1]

Kasulatang tansong natagpuan sa Laguna

A document was found in 1989 that was written in a much older and more complex writing system ever seen in the Philippines before.

On that day in 1989, a man in the concrete business was dredging sand at the mouth of the Lumbang River near Laguna de Ba’y when he uncovered a blackened roll of metal. Usually he would just throw away such junk, as it tended to get jammed in his equipment, but when he unfurled the roll he saw that it was a sheet of copper with strange writing on it, about the size of a magazine.

He offered the copper sheet to one of the antiques dealers in the area who bought it for next to nothing. The dealer, in turn, tried to sell it for a profit but when he found no buyers, he eventually sold it to the Philippine National Museum for just 2000 pesos.

In 1990, Antoon Postma, a Dutch expert in ancient Philippine scripts and Mangyan writing, and a long-time resident of the Philippines, translated the document that came to be known as the Laguna Copperplate Inscription (LCI). When he saw that the writing looked similar to the ancient Indonesian script called Kavi, and that the document bore a date from the ancient Sanskrit calendar, he enlisted the help of fellow Dutchman, Dr. Johann de Casparis, whose area of expertise was ancient Indonesia.

Casparis confirmed that the script and the words used in the Laguna document were exactly the same as those that were used on the island Java at the time stated in the document, which was the year 822, in the old Hindu calendar or the year 900 C.E. (Common Era) on our calendar.

In 1996, a Filipino history buff in California, Hector Santos, precisely converted the Sanskrit date over to our calendar by using astronomical software and some historical detective work. He determined that the Sanskrit date written on the plate was exactly Monday, April 21, 900 C.E.

swasti shaka warsatita 822 waisakha masa di(ng) jyotisa.

caturthi kresnapaksa somawara sana tatkala dayang angkatan lawan dengan ña sanak barngaran si bukah anak da dang hwan namwaran dibari waradana wi shuddhapattra ulih sang pamegat senapati di tundun barja(di) dang hwan nayaka tuhan pailah jayadewa.

di krama dang hwan namwaran dengan dang kayastha shuddha nu diparlappas hutang da walenda kati 1 suwarna 8 dihadapan dang huwan nayaka tuhan puliran kasumuran.

dang hwan nayaka tuhan pailah barjadi ganashakti. dang hwan nayaka tuhan binwangan barjadi bishruta tathapi sadana sanak kapawaris ulih sang pamegat dewata [ba]rjadi sang pamegat medang dari bhaktinda diparhulun sang pamegat. ya makaña sadaña anak cucu dang hwan namwaran shuddha ya kapawaris dihutang da dang hwan namwaran di sang pamegat dewata.

ini grang syat syapanta ha pashkat ding ari kamudyan ada grang urang barujara welung lappas hutang da dang hwa

From Laguna Copperplate Inscription Wikipedia

The plate was found in 1989 by a labourer near the mouth of the Lumbang River in Wawa, LumbanLaguna in the Philippines. The inscription was written in Old Malay using the Kawi script with Sanskrit and Old Javanese influences. 

The Laguna Copperplate Inscription, among other recent finds such as the Golden Tara of Butuan and 14th century pottery and gold jewellery in Cebu, is highly important in revising ancient Philippine history, which was until then considered by some Western historians to be culturally isolated from the rest of Asia, as no evident pre-Hispanic written records were found at the time.

The inscription is a document demonstrative of pre-Hispanic literacy and culture, and is considered to be a national treasure. It is currently deposited at the National Museum of Anthropology in Manila.[25]

Vishnu: Universal Deity or ‘Another Ethnic Hindu God’?

Note: Written in 2011 as a reply to a Hindu Critique of Sri Bhaktiananda Goswami’s thesis recognizing the Universality of Ancient Vaishnavism, with a particular rejection of the evidence confirming Christ as Vishnu/Krishna.

V.A. wrote: Actually this swami is a christian missionary and wants Hindus to convert to christianity. Jesus is Vishnu !! i ask this swami : why didn’t you said/say jesus is Allah ? certainly he knows that if he write such nonsense then Muslims will chop his hands. Jesus is not Vishnu Tattwa. He is and was a MYTH. So please swami ji stop writing nonsense.don’t impose your Lord on Hindus.

Bhaktiananda Goswami on right, with Catholic Father Karl Schray & Christian Hermitess Amata Rose, Coquille, Oregon, USA

My Reply: Greetings V.A., I am a student of Bhakti Ananda Goswami Maharaj, whom you call Swami. I have an entire chapter in my book, The Serpent, Eagle, Lion and Disk, that was written inspired by my studies of his research. The chapter is entitled ALLAH THE CARVER OF CREATION. Theres no hiding here. In fact Maharaj has revealed to me that the ‘Allah as a lunar goddess’ theory is wrong. Bhaktiananda Goswami clearly states that the very name Allah is in fact rooted in the name Hari.

And before you assume I’m an Islamist apologist, please refer to my hard hitting expose in the same book on the evils of religious iconoclastic extremism. I also clearly reveal that the Muslim rulers were very often tyrannical, brutal and genocidal towards their Hindu citizens.

I also focus on the destruction of the Bamiyan Buddhas as well. I reveal the ‘ignored by the world‘ Taliban declaration that it was vengeance for the demolition of the Babri Masjid (Mosque) at Ram Janmasthan in Ayodhya. In other words, the destruction of the Bamiyan Buddhas, though a historically recent event, represents a long list of ancient and sacred wonders forever lost to history. Stolen from posterity, countless treasures of humanity have been destroyed by the fires of iconoclastic zealotry.

Ayodhya of Lord Ramachandra as described in the Ancient Vedic Ramayana. Painting by Amit Nitore

I share details about the forgotten 1990s era ethnic cleansing of the Hazara people of the region as well. So there is no ignoring or white-washing of the Islamic rule of India.

We are clearly not ignorant of the conspiracies against Hinduism and India. Yet the irony of ironies is that as you claim to ‘defend’ Hinduism you miss the MOST IMPORTANT point. Thus you fail to see the glory of your own tradition. The fact is, in today’s world it is ‘Hinduism’ that has maintained the CLOSEST ties to the original template.

This is the original template as given by Lord Krsna himself at the beginning of time and in the Bhagavad Gita as well. In the Gita, Lord Krishna says ‘Time I Am’ thus the worship of God as Time was once prevalent in the ancient world.

In the ‘I Am’ verses of the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna reveals himself within key archetypal beings, elements and forces of nature. We find that all these same exact forms self-identified by Krsna, have been worshiped as Divine whenever and wherever they are manifest.

Thus Bhakti Ananda Goswami’s is an effort to VEDify the Vedic claims that Krsna is worshiped across the innumerable universes, what to speak of this one small planet. Indeed Maharaj has discovered many evidences confirming that YES indeed Lord Vishnu as Hari is at the foundation of ALL religion! 

Meanwhile you in the name of defending Hindu Dharma are limiting Vishnu to a small geographical area and to one section of humanity. This is the view of one who does not truly believe in Lord Vishnu but assumes Vishnu and all religion are the mere inventions of the delirious and fearful human mind. Thus in this view all religious differences are a mere competitave clash of civilizations as if this were some petty blood-sport.

Whereas Bhakti Ananda Goswami Maharaj has revealed that just as we see India’s great diversity of Vaishnavism, be it Ram-Bhaktas or Jagannath or Gaura Nitai Bhaktas, the entire world was at one time unified in its diverse expressions of Bhakti. Differences are always there yet they are/were all authentic forms of Vaishnavism.

Diversity and harmony are naturally elementally part of functioning culture and civilization. Artificially imposed ‘top down’ narratives are unnecessary and redundant.

This is specifically true within the realm of Divine Faith. Ultimately there is only one primal tradition at the roots of Ancient humanity. Yet it is and has always been diverse in it’s varied expressions.

A case study of the diverse schools of Vaishnavism, be it Ram-Bhaktas or Jagannath or Gaura Nitai Bhaktas, they are all part of the same Vaishnava tradition. The ancient world was the same.

Rather than a pantheon of disconnected competing deities, all people recognized that there was one Supreme God of gods. They recognized that he had come to all the different tribes of the world in variety of expressions. Matching the diversity of peoples and cultures, God reciprocated accordingly. Thus there are diverse expressions of the same recognized Divine personality,God,be it as a Tortoise or a King. A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada states that, “Krishna has incarnated even into the Ant community and is engaged in a variety of Lila, (Transcendental play.“)

Lord Ramachandra, God as the Perfect Man and Ideal Ruler and various related Lilas

By applying this template to the primal mystical root traditions of the world. Differences are always there yet they are/were all authentic forms of Vaishnavism.

The revolutionary and revelatory research of Sri Bhaktiananda Goswami establishes both the textual and contextual foundations confirming the actual origins of religion. Overawed Cavemen, Intervening Aliens or Divinely inspired humanity?

Yet whose Nature is it that awes? Who created the Galaxies, the origin of any potential Aliens? It was the same Divine Being(s) that inspired our Pyramid building ancestors and Human civilization itself. Thus today, rather than agriculture, Archeologists now identity Religion as the impetus for the very first cities.

The noble recognition that Hari is truly everywhere is at the foundation of Sri Bhaktiananda Goswami’s thesis. In fact, rather than a new fangled concept, this concept is foundational to Vedic thought.

It is also a natural part of the ‘Hindu’ outlook. It is a welcome opportunity for the Universal Lovers of Hari=God to overcome the number one impediment to true world harmony= Sectarianism.

Thank God there are nearly a billion people who Do Not claim to have a monopoly on God. Thank God for the Hindus of the world. It is their sacred Vedic legacy that has the potential to awaken this same universal recognition of God in the hearts of all.

For indeed Vedic India has maintained the Siddhanta (the Perfected Conclusions) and the actual mechanisms along with the rituals required to maintain and fulfill humanity’s covenant with Hari. 

These same mechanisms are also present in other ‘faiths’ but their meaning and significance has often been obscured and is definitely less accessable. Yet because of Vaishnava Siddhanta, Bhaktiananda Goswami has been able to once again revive our recognition of those eternal principles that are at the basis of the original and true religion.

The ancient Mediterranean traditions were also centered upon Hari long before Homer fabricated his version of Greek religion. And we find that the Jews worshiped the same deity as their neighbors in the same way the Gaudiya Gaura-Nitai Vaishnavs of Bengal are worshipping the same Lord as their Odiya Jagannath Bhakta neighbors.

Ancient prophecies regarding the Messiah, have been claimed by the Jews, perhaps in the same manner in which you are claiming Vishnu to be some sort of ethnic Indic ‘tribal’ deity.

The Solemnity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, King of the Universe.

However these ‘prophecies’ were in fact part of the entire ancient Mediterranean socio-religious paradigm and it was shared by all the theistic traditions of the West. And this is why Christianity spread so rapidly among the Gentiles. They recognized their long-awaited ‘Messiah’ their Great Healer and Serpent God Aesclepius, Zeus-Helios-Apollo in Lord Jesus Christ.

And similarly Buddhism spread so rapidly around half the globe. For the people recognzied their various forms of the Divine in Lord Buddha just as the Western world recognized their Supreme Deity/Creator God in the revelation of Lord Jesus Christ.

Asclepius and his Daughter Hygeia, Attic Relief, last quarter 4th century BC
Marble relief of Asclepius and his daughter Hygieia. From Therme, Greece, end of the 5th century BC. Istanbul Archaeological Museums.

It is also amazing how these alleged religious experts never mention the fact that Aesclepius and Helios worship was the predominant religion of the Mediterranean world during the Pre-Christian era. 

Yet they continually harp on the ‘highjacking’ of pagan symbols by the Christians. There was no need to hijack anything. Jesus Christ was the latest Avatar and revelation of these very same ancient ‘Pagan’ traditions as he was to the Judaic tradition. It was a new phase in an ancient continuity of religion and prophecy. Thus the symbols representing the same Deity and concepts were maintained by the followers of the Christ. 

A Google Image Search Return of Helios in Synagogue

Note the 4-Horse Self-driven Chariot of Helios, whose symbol is the Disc and whose primary bird is the Eagle. Helios who had herds of sacred cows and who was associated with the peacock feather. These are exact parallels to Vishnu Krishna Hari. Meanwhile the Sun God, Surya, does not drive his own chariot and has 7 horses. Yet just like Vishnu or Krsna, Helios is identified by the atheists as yet another ‘solar god’.

Lord Krishna Driving a 4 Horsed Chariot Rescues Princess Rukmini

The prominence of the chubby blue baby Butter-pot holding Harpocrates throughout the region is also a crucial fact proving the extant of ancient Vaishnavism in the region.

This also explains how and why these ‘Non-Jewish’ elements appear repeatedly in most Jewish houses of Worship dated to the pre-Christian era. They were all worshiping the same God. The evidence confirms it. Yet theories are accepted claiming the Jewish people, swept up in a post-Alexander Hellenistic mania, negligently adopted Greek divinities into Judaism. It’s a theory, yet it leaves too many unanswered questions. Bhaktiananda Goswami’s thesis, however, provides the answers.

The 2,700 yr old Royal Judaic Winged Disk Seal of King Hezekia directly links the ‘Abrahamic’ Faiths with the Vedic & ‘Pagan’ Traditions.

A piece of clay inscribed with the 2,700-year-old seal of King Hezekiah found in Jerusalem. The seal was used by the King himself, according to experts. The Winged Disk is the ancient Aniconic symbol or God. It is the Su Darshan (Auspicious Vision) of Hari on Garuda. The fact that one of History’s most devout Judaic Kings used this as his personal Royal Seal confirms the Sacredness of the allegedly ‘Pagan’ emblem of the ‘Winged Disk’.
The Ancient ‘Winged Disk’ is the Aniconic form of Hari (God who takes away) coming to the Rescue on the back of His Eagle Carrier, Garuda. This image of God as the ‘Winged Disk’ represents the Liberating Loving God as the Ultimate ‘Auspicious Vision’ of God, the Su Darshan of Hari, thus the Disk shape. This Aniconic form is found at the core of diverse cultures, religions, tribes and regions because the same Hari was being worshipped throughout the entire Ancient world.The 2,700 year old Royal Judaic Winged Disk Seal of King Hezekia represents Yahweh, the God of Abraham. And the exact same symbol represents HR/Heru and the Supreme God of every Ancient Mesopotamian civilization. It is also the symbol for God within the ancient Zoroastrian religion. It is the same Vishnu being worshipped.

The impact of this Aesclepius Serpent-God as Healer tradition is such that today we still use this symbol to represent anything related to the medical field.

Egyptian Anubis with the Serpent Staff of Healing
Caduceus & Staff of Asclepius

Thus today we still use a word named after Hygieia, the daughter of Aesclepius, whenever we use the word Hygiene. These ancient elemental impacts on modern society are not limited to the realm of medicine alone!

This same symbol of healing is universal be it the Serpent-staff of Moses, the Serpent Staff of Egyptian Anubis or the words of Christ, ” As Moses lifted up the snake in the desert, so must the Son of Man be lifted up so that everyone who believes may have eternal life in Him.” John 14-15

The fact that the same serpent symbol has the same meaning even today is yet another piece in the puzzle Though forgotten and denied, the evidence is Undeniable. We all share a common legacy. This common legacy reaches back to the earliest epochs of time and history. It is our common heritage; a part of all humanity at the most primal level.

Ancient Christian Peacock Symbolism Predates the use of Christ on the Cross imagery

The very similarities that the athiests and religious chauvinists abuse to discredit the historicity of Christ are in fact the evidences confirming that Jesus Christ indeed walked this earth. Isis and Baby Horus, Yashoda and Baby Krsna and Mary and Baby Christ all reflect the same concepts because they are representing the SAME Divinity. These commonalities are genuine and not based upon the shallow attempts of some to hijack the ancient Coptics or Hindus.

This theory requires either the total denial of God as a living force that actually interacts with humanity or hinges upon the idea of a very narrow small-minded and prejudiced God. In other words it is to hold that humanity invented God or that God is so distant he chose one small group to interact with.

Asclepius the Divine Healer, Baladeva/Ananta Shesha Naga & Jesus Christ are One

The entire creation and all its creatures are the equal recipients of God’s love. True religion is the imprint of God’s relationship with humanity.  What human beings did with that legacy is an entirely different subject.

Asclepeions were healing temples located in ancient Greece, dedicated to Asclepius, the first doctor-demigod in Greek mythology. Asclepius was said to have been such a skilled doctor that, (like Lord Jesus Christ, BP) he could even raise people from the dead. Wikipedia

So who’s perspective matches the very words and claims of the Vedas and of Lord Krsna himself? Yours that obviously sees Vishnu as a mere Indian invention and thus another mundane myth of a certain numerically minor/major population group? Or is Hari-Vishnu truly the Supreme Lord of countless billions of planets and beings thru out the entire creation?

The study of the how, why and when of that cosmic divine imprint upon humanity, civilization and culture is the study of the entire history of world religion. 

The interior of a Healing Temple of Asclepius. Note the Serpent Staff which was the Serpent Staff of Moses and is the Modern symbol for anything related to the Medical field

The interior of a Healing Temple of Asclepius. Note the Serpent Staff which was the Serpent Staff of Moses and is the Modern symbol for anything related to the Medical field.

Star of life, blue version. Represents the Rod of Asclepius, with a snake around it, on a 6-branch star shaped as the cross 
The Disputation of the Sacrament by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael. It was painted between 1509 and 1510

Vietnam PM Declares Vishnu, Shiva, Durga, Buddha & Surya Murtis as National Treasures

Source: Voice of Vietnam 10/4/012
Note: Published June 2013 on are directly above images. The original article provides dates ranging over 2,000 years. These represent Cultural timelines rather than the actual dates associated with the various artifacts. Ive highlighted and corrected some mis-identifications as well. BP

Vietnam announces 30 national treasures

Very unique & ancient Vedic Vietnamese Oc Eo Culture Vishnu Murti features the Sudarshan Chakra in the form of a Club (BP)

Thirty valuable items representing Vietnam’s historic regions and eras have been recognized as national treasures. According to a decision by Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, the newly-recognized treasures are:

Vedic Sun God Surya dated from 1-600s AD

1) Ngoc Lu bronze drum (of Dong Son culture (700 – 100 BC), currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi)

Identified as ‘Devi Goddess’ of the Vedic Vietnamese Cham Culture

The Ngoc Lu drum is regarded as the most important and prominent of the Dong Son culture of the Bronze Age. The drum was accidentally discovered in 1893 in Ha Nam Province, southeast of Hanoi. In contrast to most other drums of the Dong Son, the tympanum bears three concentric panels, which depict animals or humans, interleaved with bands of geometric or circular patterns. 

Ancient Vedic Vietnamese Cham Shiva Lingam & Yoni

2) Hoang Ha bronze drum (of Dong Son culture (700 – 100 BC), currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi)

The Hoàng Ha drum is a notable specimen of the Dong Son culture of the Bronze Age which was discovered in Ha Son Binh Province in 1937 near the village of Hoàng Ha.

3) Dao Thinh bronze jar (of Dong Son culture (700 – 100 BC), currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi)

4) Bronze statue of a panpipe-playing couple piggybacking (of Dong Son culture (700 – 100 BC), currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi). It is 8.5cm tall, 9.5cm wide, and was made around 2,000-2,500 years ago.

5) Bronze lamp in the shape of a kneeling man (of Dong Son culture (700 – 100 BC), currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi)

6) Canh Thinh bronze drum (Tay Son era 1778 – 1802 currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi)

7) Bronze royal stamp (Tran dynasty 1226 – 1400 currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi)

8) Pottery jar with swan patterns (1428 – 1527 era, currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi)

9) Đường Kách mệnh (Revolutionary Road), a book (in 1927) by Nguyen Ai Quoc who later became President Ho Chi Minh. The book is about the morality of a Communist person, the political standpoints of the author and the path of a revolution. It is currently being kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi.

10) Prison Diary. It is a collection of poems written by a political prisoner who later became President Ho Chi Minh. It is currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi.

11) Handwritten draft of President Ho Chi Minh’s appeal to the whole nation for the resistance war written at the end of 1946. It is currently kept at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi.

12) Draft of the appeal to citizens and soldiers nationwide” (read by President Ho Chi Minh on Radio the Voice of Vietnam in July 1966, currently kept at the Ho Chi Minh Museum in Hanoi.

13) President Ho Chi Minh’s Testament (the original will Uncle Ho wrote over 1965-1969, currently kept at the Central Party Committee Office’s Archive Department)

14) Dong Duong Buddhist statue (Champa culture 192 – 1832), currently kept at the Ho Chi Minh City History Museum in Ho Chi Minh City

15) Devi Goddess statue (Champa culture 192 – 1832), currently kept at the Ho Chi Minh City History Museum in Ho Chi Minh City 

16) Vishnu goddess [sic] (God) statue (Oc Eo Culture 1 – 630 AD), currently kept at the History Museum of Ho Chi Minh City.

Very unique & ancient Vedic Vietnamese Oc Eo Culture Vishnu Murti features the Sudarshan Chakra in the form of a Club (BP)

17) Loi My Buddha Statue (Oc Eo Culture 1 – 630 AD), currently kept at the History Museum of Ho Chi Minh City.

18) God Surya Statue (Oc Eo Culture 1 – 630 AD), currently kept at the History Museum of Ho Chi Minh City.

19) Tara Bodhisattva Statue (Champa culture 192 – 1832), currently kept at the Champa Sculpture Art Museum in the central city of Danang.

20) My Son E1 altar (Champa culture 192 – 1832), currently kept at the Champa Sculpture Art Museum in Danang.

21) Tra Kieu altar [sic] (Shiva Lingam & Yoni) (Champa culture 192 – 1832), currently kept at the Champa Sculpture Art Museum in Danang. The altar is a typical symbol of the royal citadel of Champa in Tra Kieu.

22) Buddha Amitabha Statue (Ly Dynasty 1009 – 1225), currently kept at Phat Tich pagoda in Tien Du District in the northern province of Bac Ninh.

23) Statue of Buddha with a thousand eyes and hands from Le Trung Hung Dynasty (1533–1789), currently kept at But Thap pagoda in Thuan Thanh District in the northern province of Bac Ninh.

24) “Cuu Vi Than Cong,” a set of nine bronze cannons from Nguyen Dynasty (1802 – 1945). The set is kept at the Hue Royal Antiquities Museum.

25) “Cuu Dinh” (The Nine Tripod Cauldrons of Nguyen Dynasty 1802 – 1945) is a set of nine bronze censers, vessels used for burning incense, in the Hue ancient citadel. The censers are different from each other, symbolizing the difference in the personality of the nine emperors of the dynasty. The set is currently kept at the Hue Royal Antiquities Museum.

26) A 37mm anti-aircraft gun used by the Vietnamese People’s Army in the historical Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954, currently kept at the Air-Defence and Air Force Museum in Hanoi.

27) A MiG 21 F96 aircraft, numbered 5121, used by Vietnam People’s Air Force in the historical battle of “Dien Bien Phu in the air” in 1972, currently kept at the Vietnam Military History Museum in Hanoi.

28) A notebook reporting on the Ho Chi Minh Offensive, currently kept at the Military Zone 7 Museum in Hanoi. The offensive from April 25 to May 1, 1975 ended the Spring Offensive, as well as the Vietnam War against America.

29) A T54 tank, numbered 843, used in the Ho Chi Minh Offensive, currently kept at the Vietnam Military History Museum in Hanoi.

30) A T59 tank, numbered 843, used in the Ho Chi Minh Offensive, currently kept at Hanoi’s Tank – Armour Museum.

Tuoitrenews/VOV online


Note: Written in 1999 under my former nom de plume Vrin Parker. More recent evidence suggests other relatives of Alexander may be buried there. Yet this has not been conclusively established. Either way, the evidences of Vedic/Asian type artifacts found within the tomb remain.


In 1977, , a royal tomb was found at Vergina, near Saloniaca, in Macedonia, Greece. All the evidence proves it to be the tomb of King Philip, the father of Alexander the Great. However, Western scholars were puzzled because of the many artifacts, within the tomb of an obvious Indian/Vedic nature. Because of  these artifacts, some experts dated the tomb to a time after Alexander’s. This theory is no longer being accepted. 

Everything in the Tomb, the body in particular, prove the tomb to be that of King Philip, the Father of Alexander the Great.  However, for the past 20 years, mainstream academia refused to accept it. Their objections were based on the fact that the tomb was full of Asian artifacts. They argued that these influences could only have come after Alexander’s Asian campaigns. Based solely on this point, they refused to identify the tomb as belonging to King Philip of Macedonia.

It has since been proven that the tomb does belong to King Philip, the father of the famous Alexander. Miniature sculptress found in the tomb are exact replicas of known images of King Philip and Alexander the Great. All the evidence points to the conclusion that the tomb is without a doubt that of Philip. The many Indian artifacts in the tomb prove that Ancient Macedonia and Greece had strong links to India that predate Alexander’s long March Eastward.

Artifacts from Tomb frequently used in historical documentaries

In Michael Wood’s series, In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great, he presents 2 of these sculpted portraits of Alexander and Philip. Archeologists accept these sculpted portraits of Alexander, as the only ones made during his lifetime. Philip’s portrait is also recognized as being made in his lifetime.

King Phillip II of Macedonia

The TV Documentary War and Civilization also featured these same sculptures as being that of Alexander and Philip.
Where were these portraits found? They were found in the Macedonian tomb, discovered in 1977.

Tomb Pre-dates Alexander’s March to Asia

Because the tomb is full of Vedic/Indian style artifacts, this is solid proof that Greek culture had a strong connection to India, long before Alexander’s time. The body interned in the tomb, fits every ancient description of King Philip. Without a doubt, it is the tomb of King Philip.

The question is,“Why does King Philip’s tomb have so many Indian influences? How is it possible if the Greek and Indian cultures had no direct contact until Alexander’s Asian campaigns?” The answer is simple. Because Greek culture was originally, Vedic in nature, it is only logical that there would be strong similarities to Indian culture in Greek art, religion and culture.

The tomb of King Philip is also more than proof of Greece’s Vedic past.

It is a smoking gun exposing the odd Academic silence about Humanity’s Ancient Vedic Heritage. Though western scholars are now admitting the tomb to be Philip’s, they are staying mute about the evidences proving Greece’s Vedic heritage. On one hand, western academics are using these tomb artifacts to promote various theories, and on the other hand, they are ignoring the artifacts that prove their theories wrong. Because there is no doubt about the Vedic artifacts found in this one case, one wonders as to how much evidence is out there that has been ignored and perhaps even destroyed.

It is obvious that the current mainstream academic community, has made up it’s mind about world history. Any evidence that contradicts their theories, is not accepted. Rather than change their pet theories, these so-called scholars are willing to change the historic record and force it to conform to their views.

This is the great ignorance of truth that is being perpetrated on the world at large. It is even more ironic that this is being done by the very people,ie. the historians, who have a duty to research and present a true and accurate record of the world’s ancient past.


In this case, however, the evidence is still available for the serious researcher to evaluate. Some of the items found in the tomb, include a large ceremonial gold shield, decorated with Vedic Swastikas, a beautiful fresco of a lion hunt, still in full color.

Clearly defined, in this fresco, are boundary markers tied around trees. This is a recognized feature of Indian Royal hunting grounds and yet they are clearly seen in this 2300 year old Macedonian fresco. A royal diadem and gold belt, of the type worn by Asian Kings and Princes, were found. Gold solar emblems reminiscent of the Solar Dynasty (Surya Vamsha) were also found in abundance.

These are the most obvious evidences, that we know of. For now, one can only guess as to how much other evidence could be found if Vedic historical researchers, were allowed access to this find.

And one can only wonder how many important finds have gone unrecognized by the mainstream academic community, that has no will nor ability to recognize Vedic artifacts.

Har-pa-Khered:Blue Child God of Ancient Egypt is Hari-Krishna:Blue Child God of India

Note: Written in 2011 – a Chapter from The Serpent, Eagle, Lion & the Disk

Significantly, the hieroglyphic symbol for HR – Har – Heru is the Falcon. This represents Garuda the Eagle of Hari – Vishnu. Garuda is in fact a form of Hari. The hieroglyphic symbol for child is a child putting his hand to his mouth – Krishna eating butter

Harpekhered appears in the Old Kingdom Pyramid Texts and here is one of them, taken from the pyramid of Teti at Saqqara

Cobra, to the sky! Horus’s centipede, to the earth! Horus’s sandal has stepped, nãj-snake. The nãj-snake is for Horus, the young boy with his finger in his mouth.”

Bronze statuette of Har-pa-khered, called Harpocrates in Greek, discovered in BagramAfghanistan, dated to the 2nd century AD

Ancient Hindu Mariners & Australian Gold

Note: In 2010 published this article positing prehistoric links between India, SE Asia and Australia. Commonalities in both language and place names, along with several Vedic artifacts, indicated ancient contacts between these cultures. Then in 2013, DNA studies confirmed this theory to be a historical fact. Ancient Indians did indeed reach Australia many centuries ago. Time and again the Vedic conclusions are validated as accurate. The Veracity of the Vedic Conclusions are Verifiable and provide the final Verdict in the investigation of Truth. BP

By John Welch

South-East Asian Hindu Ship-Voyages to East Australia


The Aboriginal legends and languages of central-east Australia suggest contact with Hindus and Hindu Civilization. For 2000 years, many historic Indian settlements spread throughout South East Asia. Hindu culture and religion was preeminent from the borders of modern Iran to the isles of the Philippines. From that time, the increasing wealth, population and thus prestige of Sanskrit-brahmin guided Hindu kingdoms motivated the usage of gold for coins, sculptures and decoration of temples and palaces. Sumatra, in modern Indonesia, was known as an “island of gold” and an 11th century hoard of royal Javanese gold bullion is preserved in Indonesia, and was exhibited in Brisbane 10 years ago. In the 14th century, Hindu Javanese gold-miners sailed to Philippines to prospect and mine, and a gold sculpture from that era is now in the USA. The nagara “royal city” of Angkor Wat consumed artworks of many types, and logically this would include gold in great quantities. The evidence shows that the Hindu Kingdoms’ search for gold led them to the shores of Eastern Australia. There they found the mother lode.

Artist Rendering of the Ancient Gympie Temple

In 1858 at Gympie north of Brisbane, a legend about foreigners who came to dig for yellow stones was recorded by early British settlers. Gympie was “Meru’ndai” according to the Australian “ng’tja guru” elders. In Indonesia, “Meru’ndai” means “beautiful Meru”, and Bali language “ngajahin guru” means “training. teacher”. In the 1860s a hill at Meru’ndai had a circle of pillars with a wheel shaped stone in the centre, and 7 levels with stone-lined terraces. Indra sends floods to the world which is shaped as a wheel. Early Tamil temples had a wheel shape and the work that was involved in building this one indicates the size of the population at the gold-mine. Aboriginals were fearful of the temple spirits, which shows that they were not the builders. It is near the river at Gympie and the bay south of Fraser Island. In 1867 gold was found by Europeans and the cut stones of the temple were removed by European gold-miners , to build houses. They collected 4 tons of gold by hand in the 1800s as well as from the deep mine, and today Gympie near Brisbane is the 8th biggest gold-mine in Australia and gold is still collected in the creeks.The temple pillars today are in the river to protect the river-bank, and a bulldozer was used to dig holes searching for gold in the hill. Only some terrace stone-walls remain, and a few photos of carved animals. (1). Click here for an exquisite sample of Gympie Gold inlaid Quartz.

Ancient Gympie Apeman-Hanuman?

The country of Meru’ndai at Gympie also included Fraser Island, where the Batjala people called the island Gurree. In that legend,Gurree was a beautiful white sky-spirit princess who created mountains in south Queensland and the island named Gurree, where she looks at the sky reflected in the pure lakes of rain-water in white sand.(2).The legend reminds me of Gauri, the shining white spirit wife of Shiva who washed her in Himalayan snow. She was a creator to balance the destructive power of Shiva, who is also named Indra.

Ancient Technology was Used to Dig the Gold Mines of Australia. The open-cut operation was made through solid basalt.
Ancient Technology was Used to Dig the Gold Mines of Australia. The open-cut operation was made through solid basalt. 

At Brisbane, south of Meru’ndai, the word Indooroopilly means “running waters”. Indra sends rain and liberates rivers, as he did by killing the snake Vritra who held back rivers. Indra is carved at Angkor Wat with a rainbow snake. In Tamil,  “piili”  means tap-water, and in Malay he is named “Inderah”.  Kings in Sri Lanka used to float in a river to represent Indra sending rain, and “Indra floating” is “Indra pilavana”.

Indra Decapitates Vitrasura

Indonesian pilek means “running nose from a cold”, and  pilu means “moved”. Examples of words which combine Indra are : Indriya “belonging to Indra” ; Indrasita “sent by Indra”; Indragopa “insects that come after rain”. Indrapura is a city of Indra in Sumatra, as is Bangkok in Thailand, and Indratataka is the great irrigation lake of Indra at Angkor Wat. Indra  made Tirta Empul “sacred spring” in Bali, a major temple for Hindus today.  “Indradhanus” is the rainbow of Indra, which fits with Indooroopilly as the rain-water, the running water at Brisbane. The word is derived from “Nyindooroopilly”, and in Bali language the prefix “nya” means an impulse going out, such as “desire, watch, join”. Sanskrit “nya” means “led along by”, so Nyindooroopilly would mean “running water from the impulse of Indra”. This is correct Hindu teaching.

Cactus plants at the top of the Gympie pyramid site are alleged to be of South American origin.

The Sanskrit word “dhan” meaning “flowing gift” in “Indra/dhan/us”, appears in the name Dandahra creek at Coombadjha sacred site west of Grafton, north NSW, and may be Sanskrit dhandhara  “bountiful flowing stream”.  Coombadjha is on a mountaintop with beautiful forest and lyre-birds, and has many sacred sites of the countries of Bundjalung and Gambaingirr which border on it. Kumbhaja is a title of Agastya who was a Hindu author of Vedic texts and is honoured by Tamils as their champion. He subdued or broke down  mountains and is today identified with Agastya national park in mountains of Tamil Nadu in India. Aga means “mountains”, astya means “suddued”,and  Agastya was connected with mountains in Thailand, Indonesia and Cambodia. The star Canopus which was used as a south polar star for ship navigation in the southern hemisphere, was named for Agastya Kumbhaja. That Kumbhaja star rises in March near the Southern Cross as the Indian Ocean becomes calm before the monsoon trade winds begin blowing from India towards Asia. Agastya also means “from the mind of Indra and Shiva”. 2500 years ago, Agastya Kumbhaja was the uncle of Kaundinya in Tamil Nadu, and a Kaundinya prince ruled the first Hindu kingdom in Cambodia, 2000 years ago. Australia has names and legends of the Southern Cross, and Gamilari language has a word meaning “meeting place under the Southern Cross’. The South Pole is on the axis of Meru. Coombadjha is sacred to Bundjalung and Gambaingirr people.

Gympie Pyramid-Satellite View @ 2 miles

Gambaingirr teach that “miira” the moon gives the balance in nature and gives energy to people.Sanskrit “mihira” is the moon, a form of Surya the sun, and means to lift up waters for rain. Bali language omits the /h/ in words so that the Aboriginal reflects the Bali pronunciation.Vaharamihira, or Mihira, was a famed astronomer 1500 years ago and is honoured by a wall-mural in India’s parliament. Gidgeon Miiral is the island in Coff’s Harbour of Gambaingirr, and the moon causes rip-tides and floods against those who ignore the laws. (3).Boats can enter the river there only at hightides. The astronomy of Kumbhaja and Mihira would be vital for ships navigating past the Queensland Barrier Reef and locating rivermouths for landing. Possibly the ships were exploring for gold and sailed south from Meru’ndai in Queensland. “Meru daksina” means the South Pole.

Ancient Gympie Apeman-Hanuman?
Ancient Gympie Apeman-Hanuman?

Bundjalung is the country between Coombadjha and Brisbane and west to the mountains. Bundjalung people remember that a ship arrived from Ngareenbeil, meaning “overseas islands”. (4).In Old Bali language, “negarinbeli” means “your beloved countryman”, a high status word used by a princess to a prince, and fits the idea of Ngareenbeil as referring to Bali. (5).”Negara” means the ritual Hindu government in Java-Bali, and means the state in Malaysia. In a similar way, Bundjalung “ngari” means “ritual dance”, and  “borroon” is the dance ring of Meru’ndai. Bara in Thailand is the dance-room of the king, and Cambodian borei is the royal temple. Sanskrit “nagara” became the word nekhor, or “Angkor” Wat, in Cambodia.

Thus, Cambodia had “nagara borei”, and east Australia had “ngari borroon”. At the boorroon, elders sat on a raised platform, a “dhur”. Sanskrit “dhur” means “title, summit”. Bundjalung “budar budarum” means to speak of ancient knowledge. Bundjalung legend says the 3 men on the ship spread out to other Aboriginal countries and gave them language and laws and in this way people kept in contact with overseas laws. Mahaji as great conqueror is a title of Shiva in Thailand, as in majji meaning “he conquered”. Mahhji is the strong god of Bundjalung at Grafton, where the ship from Bali landed.

The ngatja elders of Meru’ndai resemble the “nkata” elders of Bundjalung, and “ngajahin” guru of Bali. 500 years ago, the Sanskrit Hindu kingdoms of Angkor Wat and Java were defeated and brahmins and craftsmen escaped to Bali by ship, and Macassan fishermen were sailing to Cape York in north Australia. They gave about 600 words to north Australian languages, such as ruppiah for “money”. (6).

2000 year old Indian Coin Featuring a Ship

2000 years ago, India had ships 50 metres long weighing 600 tons for trade with east Asia. The ship which arrived in Bundjalung at Yamba near Grafton had 3 men, named : Mamoon which is a Sanskrit and Bali name meaning “maternal uncle”; Ya Birrein meaning “the one who begins” and Birrung “the end”, in Old Bali language. The woman with them was Gaminya, in Sanskrit “the one who walks”. She became known as a goanna lizard, and was also named Dirrangan and had power to make a storm when she became angry at being left behind by the ship. Dirrangan was the angry woman who
blocked the river by moving mountains, until Balugaan the hunter liberated the river. Her name “Dirrangan” may be seen in Sanskrit dhira meaning “the mind”, and the Indonesian expression diri anggota meaning  “personal election” in political voting for government. In Bali, diri  means an individual person. In the language on the west of Bundjalung, dhirrin means “personal escape “. Bali angga means “one-self”, and angen means “thinking”. Dirrangan seems to mean “personal thoughts”.

Dirrawong was also a goanna lizard,and may be seen in Bali language “wong” which means “person”. He fought against the Rainbow Serpent named Waugal, which may be from Bali warni meaning “colour”, and warna which means “appearance”. In Bali language, galih is “bone” and galang means “evident”, so “Waugal” then has the sense of “coloured appearance evident”, which fits the Rainbow Snake.

Dirrawong chased the offending Rainbow Snake named Kurrea down the Clarence River. West of Brisbane the snake is Gurriya, at Goondiwindi, in Gamilaroi country.   The Bundjalung legend about a blocked river is connected with a similar legend at Dirranbandi near Goondiwindi. Sanskrit bhandi means “to bind. block rivers”, so the word Dirranbandi resembles Dirrangen Dirrawong. Gurriya the Rainbow Snake is seen in the local word goori “pink-yellow lizard”, goora “flowers”, possibly red-yellow. Gora was a name of Indra sun-god and means “yellow-red”, thus the Rainbow Snake colours. The word “ya” is the pronoun in both Sanskrit and Bundjalung, so that “goora ya” may mean “the one who is yellow-red”. Gauri and Indra and Agastya Kumbhaja are named together in some Hindu texts.


In Gamilaroi language, “kamil” means a man’s spirit, as in Indonesian language. At Goondiwindi, the Gamilaroi title for a local elder is Ngurampaa, guardian of sacred teachings. (7). In Bali, ngurah is a royal title, as in Ngurah Rai Airport, and Mpu means a semi-divine ruler, which would combine as Ngurah Mpu. A similar term in India is parampara “respected line of teachers”. In legend, a hunter at Goondiwindi used all his weapons to  try to kill the Rainbow Serpent who was preventing people catching fish and ducks there. Along the Brisbane river, the snake is also named Goondah Dani Bulu. Goondah in India are thugs and criminals.   Like Indra, the Rainbow snake is both good and bad. Danu is the river-goddess in Bali who has a temple on a lake, which is “danau” in Bali.

In Bundjalung, the word booloo means “to plunge into water”. “Goondah” appears as Gundah creek at Coombadjha near Dandahra, which suggests that the rainbow snake Goondah Dani Bulu was fighting there also, and its name may mean “the criminal who plunges into lakes”. In Sanskrit and Bundjalung “windi” means “whistle; hissing”, like a snake. At Goondiwindi, the hunter resembles Indra who used all his weapons against the rainbow snake Vritra.

This Ancient Bronze Vishnu was Found at the Gympie 'Pyramid' Site
This Ancient Bronze Hindu/Buddhist Deity (Vishnu?) was Found at the Gympie ‘Pyramid’ Site

In Wenaruah country near Newcastle, is a rock-painting of a deity, 1 metre high and with arms 5 metres wide, with bird feet, and with 2 boomerangs .(9) Indra has very long arms and carries a weapon in each hand, and can assume any shape he chooses.  “Wenaruah” means “hills and plains” , and in Bali “wena” means “forests” and “ruah” is “countless”, with adjectives following nouns. Wenaruah had treeless plains, but densely rain-forested hills near Barrington Tops mountains. 

The Bundjalung word punya means “well-being” and in Bali means “to possess”. Punyah in Cambodia means “pure ,sacred” and Punya Bharata is “blessed land of India”. Punya is an ideal and purpose of the College of Aboriginal Studies at Southern Cross University,Lismore in Bundjalung country – as is “ganna” the Bundjalung word meaning  “understanding, the use of knowledge”.(8).  Sanskrit gan means “think”, and in Bali ganti is “change, renew”. Agastya Kumbhaja’s knowledge of science and astronomy was “ganita” and in Bali language, guna means “the use, applying knowledge”, just as Bundjalung “ganna”.

Further south, in Victoria there is a rock chamber with a painting that is not in usual Aboriginal style. (9).He may have a third eye. The left shoulder has something folded on it, in Hindu style. The actual body colour is red. His name is Bunjil and the painting is in the mountains west of Bendigo gold-field, where gold nuggets are today found on the surface. In Victoria, bora means the tribal dance ground, like Thailand bara meaning “royal dance-room” and Cambodian borei, dance temple.

The ship of Bundjalung legend was shipwrecked, and so Mamoon and Gaminya became part of the population as ancestors. It seems that Hindu faith influenced east Australia, with the strongest impact in a triangle of 500 km. extent between Fraser Island, Coffs Harbour and Goondiwindi. Today, Brisbane City Council is at Indooroopilly, the Hindu running waters of Brisbane.


1. B Green, from historical notes of J Green, 1863.

2. “Written in Sand” F Williams, Jacaranda. 1982.

3. Coffs Harbour Tourism, Gydgeon Miiral island.

4. “Australian Dreaming” Dr J Isaacs, Cam. 1996.

  “Papers of Marjorie Oakes”. Australian Institute Aboriginal Torres     Strait Islander Studies. Canberra.

  “Dictionary of Bundjalung” Dr M Sharpe, UNE Armidale.

5. Dr Darma Putra, School of Languages, UQld Brisbane.

6. Dr McC Taylor, Asian Studies, ANU Canberra.

7. Michael Anderson, Ngurampaa elder of Euahlayi of Gamilaroi.

8. Dr J Atkinson, College of Aboriginal Studies, SCU Lismore.

9. “Riches of Ancient Australia” Dr J Flood, UQld Brisbane, 1990.There appears to be evidence that ships from Indonesia sailed to east Australia, between Fraser Island and Yamba NSW, before British settlement. Aboriginal legends of Bundjalung (North coast NSW) and Kabi Kabi (Sunshine coast Qld) seem to corroborate that ships arrived, evidently from Java-Bali at 500-1000 BP.  Many mythic-hero words in the languages of central east Aust. are appropriate names in Indonesian Hindu culture, as are the names in these 2 legends. (Dr Darma Putra. School of Languages. U Qld). Indonesia has exhibited gold artefacts of Javan Hindu kingdoms from 800 BP. .The Qld legend describes foreigners digging yellow stones at Gympie, from 10 years before British discovered gold there which is today the 8th largest Aust. gold-mine. There are about 600 Sanskrit-Indonesian words in north Australia (Dr McComas Taylor. ANU), and Macassan fishing boats reached Cape York. Maori voyages in the Coral Sea indicate the possibility of Indian-built trading ships reaching NSW from Bali.