Dogs of the Death God – Ancient Egypt, India & Mexico

Solid Evidence confirming a shared Vedic cultural tradition between three of the ancient worlds most influential civilizations

The Indic, Coptic and Aztec religions all have Dogs at the center of their Death rituals and traditions.

In India Yamaraja the God of Death is accompanied by Dogs and also appeared as a Dog and joined the Pandavas in their final days, eventually guiding Yudhisthira into heaven.

Blessed Dogs of Nepal
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Vedic Empire Presents: ‘Flute & Serpent Gods of Native America’

In this Episode of Vedic Empire Presents Professor N. Kalia speaks on the Indigenous American traditions of the Hero Twins, Kokopele, the Corn Maidens and other related topics. The Sacred Hero Twins tradition is not an isolated belief, but rather, is found throughout both North and South America, from Alaska to Tiera Del Fuego.

In an exact parallel to the Vedic Vaishnava tradition of Krishna and Balarama, the Hero Twins are often represented as a dark complexioned flute player younger brother with a light complexioned elder brother who is also a Serpent deity. Lord Krishna is also a dark complexioned flute player and the younger brother of Balarama. Lord Balarama is light complexioned and is also a Serpent Deity.

All these divinities are intimately associated with Maidens with whom they dance and are at the foundation of agriculture and bountiful prosperity. The Divine Mother Goddess is also at the root of these traditions and parallels the Vedic Supreme Goddess, Lord Krishna’s beloved Srimati Radharani and her Avatar the Goddess of Wealth Sri Lakshmi.

Other topics include the Sacredness of the Serpent within the Judeo-Christian tradition as the Staff of Healing, the Black Christ and the Catholic Church’s synchronized recognition of Native American deity Hunahpu as Christ, Quetzalcoatl of the Ancient Americas, Church Father Sahagun’s guided and Native written ‘Florentine Codex, Olukun & Damballa of West Africa’s Indigenous cultures and their connectivity with Ancient Egyptian Religion, Chibiabos, the Flute Playing deity and younger brother of Manabozho highlighted within the famous ‘Song of Hiawatha’ and the flute playing deities of the Hopi, Pueblo, Meso-America and more…

Mark Twain Stunned Speechless

‘Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc, by the Sieur Louis de Conte’ a 1896 novel by Mark Twain on the Life of Joan of Arc

On a December night in 1905, the New York City chapter of the Society of Illustrators managed to do something many thought impossible. With one calculated stroke they left Mark Twain, author and noted quipster, speechless.

The writer had just risen to address the group. As he began to speak, a girl emerged from the back of the room. Her hair was cropped just below her ears; her face was angular but radiant. Underneath a ceremonial white robe, she wore the armor of a 15th-century French soldier. With eyes fixed on the author, she glided up the aisle between the tables carrying a laurel wreath atop a satin pillow.

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Kouros, the Youthful Zeus, is in fact Lord Krishna

Who is Zeus? Who is Kouros and who is Welkanos?

(Note: Originally written July 2011 in Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India)

Kouros also known as Welkanos was worshiped as the youthful form of Zeus

Over 100 yrs ago the scholar Jane Harrison, one of the world’s greatest experts on Greek religion, wrote of an ancient hymn to Kouros. The hymn had been discovered at an ancient temple on the island of crete. ‘This hymn was inscribed on both sides of a limestone slab, four fragments of which were recovered from votive pits near Roussolakkos at Palaikastro, Crete in 1904. This discovery confirmed that Palaikastro was the site of the ancient Diktaion – the sanctuary famed in antiquity for the worship of Zeus’.

Series of ancient Cretan Coins featuring Kouros (The Child Zeus) drinking milk from a cow. This exactly parallels Baby Krishna and His suckling of a cow

Jane Harrison highlighted this hymn in her book ‘Themis: a Study of the Social Origins of Greek Religion.’ In this book she revealed that the worship of Baby Zeus as Kouros is at the very origins of ancient Greek religion. The hymn, discovered among the ruins of an ancient temple in Crete, identifies Zeus as Kouros ‘the youthful and the greatest.’ who, just like baby Krishna, was ‘hidden away at birth’.

The same exact motif is still commonly found in Vaishnava art of India.

In Crete, (a civilization of greater antiquity than the Greek,) Zeus was represented in art as a long-haired youth rather than a mature adult. He was praised in hymns as ‘ho megas kouros’ or “the great youth”. He is sorrounded by the Kouretes, initiated young men into the Kouros tradtion. They were a band of ecstatic armed dancers, protecting Zeus in his infant form. These are all exact parallels with the story of Child Krishna.

The hymn to infant Zeus states ‘Kouros most great, I glorify you, Kronian, lord of all that is moist and gleaming, you stand at the head of all gods…rejoice in our dance and our song! with lyre and flutes as we sing around yr altar…” it talks about how he had to be hidden at the time of his birth and given to another to be as his mother.

In the famous HYMN TO MEGHISTOS KOUROS (God of Gods Kouros, megha and maha are the same word) found on Crete, the description of Infant Zeus, known as Kouros, is an exact match with the Infant Krishna. Kouros is described as leading the Kouroi in their dancing revelry. Zeus as Kouros is called the origin (head) of all the gods. A series of 2500 yr old praisos, Cretan coins also depicts this same baby Zeus being nursed by a cow. In fact this was one of the most popular coins of the region.

Young Zeus or Kouros was also named Welchanos. (Here the CH is pronounced as K and Welchanos has thus been confused with the demigod Vulcanus.) Some scholars doubt that Welchanos, Kourus and Zeus are one. Yet the only proof they give is that his name is found along with the name of Zeus within the same prayer. Thus they say he must be a totally different god.

Krishna sitting in a tree stealing the garments of the Gopis
Krishna sitting in a tree stealing the garments of the Gopis (Cowherd Girls).
Series of ancient Cretan Coins featuring Kouros Welchanos sitting in a tree just like Krishna. The bird symbolism is also significant and relates to the eagle/hawk/rooster that is always associated with the divinity of Zeus/Vishnu

However if we applied this to any Vedic mantra, in which the same deity is always addressed by various names, we easily see the innaccuracy of this conclusion. It is an example of scholars with no background in bhakti, or any of the living sacred traditions of India, attemtping to reach a mundane conclusion based upon ignorance. Using such logic the entire Vaishnava ‘hari haraya namah krsna’ song would be about 100 different gods competing for our worship and prayers.

As Welchanos, (most likely a dialectical version of the sanskrit Bala Kana) Kouros is always represented as a youthful beardless god often in a gesture of worship or adoration to a female goddess. Yet again we find an exact parallel in the relationship between Krishna and Radha.


A basic requirement for the comprehension of these discoveries is to look at India as a template. if one had no sampradaya/samskriti, spiritual lineage or Vedic culture based information, how could anyone tell that Jagannath/Bala Kanha Gopal/ Rama/Matsya/Buddha/ Vishnu/Balaram etc were all in fact various forms of THE SAME Vishnu?

Only India has been able to maintain the correct understanding of these truths. However wen we come to the rest of the world, cultural continuity has been shattered. In this way people see ‘this or that’ god in a setting of chaotic randomness. Thus they claim and assume these diverse forms of the same Divinity to be various polytheistic, and at times rival, gods.

2550 yr old marble Kouros and Kore were found buried together in this exact position. The Goddess always stands at the Left (the Heart) of God thus every representation of Radha Krsna, Lakshmi Narayana, Shiva Parvati has the Goddess on the Left.
Yet today these exact same deities are presented on opposite sides from each other apart from one another. Like most ancient studies a slight change of context can completely alter and blur the original significance and meaning of an item or tradition. By placing the vedic template (the worlds only surviving ancient culture) upon the study of the world, we are able to discover the original context.

Another link between Zeus amd Vishnu is found when we apply his Roman name of Jove. Jove has been recognized by all scholars as a direct Latin translation of the Sanskrit ‘Dyaus Pita’ which means ‘Father Sky God.’ In the Vedic Purusha Shukta, Dyaus is described to have been created from the head of the primeval being, the Purusha. Purusha is Vishnu. Now one can say this is Brahma or some other divinty yet when combined iwth the great panorama of evidence in totality it is clear that Zeus/Jove has a greater compatibility with the Supreme Godhead Vishnu himself.


At times some followers of Vaisnavism will be dismissive of these discoveries and say ,“I never heard Prabhupada speak about the Greeks” or “If it has any value it is already in Prabhupad’s books and if it is not in his books than its useless” This kind of rejectionism is only voiced by those who refuse to actually look at the evidence or investigate the research. it is basically the application of the ‘fox and sour grapes’ philosophy. A lack of understanding or a lack of recognition of a truth does not automatically disqualify the truth in question.

Rather it reveals a mindset that is reflective of one not genuinely interested in the information being presented. A true challenge can only come from one who has actually investiagted the information in question. The fact is the ‘if it aint in the bible than its bogus‘ mentality has been one of the greatest enemies to the propogation of truth throughout history. Though the flavor may change the prejudice is the same.

2500 yr old praisos, cretan coin, depicting baby Zeus (Kouros) being nursed by a cow. Kouros, as Welchanos, was also frequently depicted on the coins of Phaistos seated among the branches of a tree. These are obvious similarities with the young Vrindavan lila Krishna. The elder bearded Zeus is more akin to Vishnu.

As for Srila prabhupad’s books etc they are complete in themselves for they fulfil the very reason they exists. There can be no doubt that anyone who dedicates themselves to their teachings is guaranteed to achieve the goal of life-krsna prem. however to say that anything not written in there is false is clearly an incorrect assumption. That said his books are one of the primary templates for recognizing the same vedic truths throughout the history of the world. This universal reality is found within other cultures though these very same cultures may have forgotten or lost any conscious links to their own past.


Within the Greek language many words have no meaning until they are recognzied as a form of Sanskrit. I have provided many details in my upcoming bookTHE SERPENT, THE EAGLE, THE LION and THE DISK” We find this same phenomenon in english as well. This kind of linguistic archeology is one of our most powerful research tools. However it is not solely thru the sanskrit language alone that we can discover the vedic nature of the primal civilization of humanity.

By combining the Sanskrit language with the Vedic Samskriti (culture) the vedic traditions and siddhanta (teachings) suddenly the incomprehensible becomes clear and recognizable. A basic example: archeologists have discovered that the walls of many ancient tombs and sacred sites throughout the world are frequently coated with a layer of vermillion. Yet scholars publicly state their ignorance as to the why and what reagrding the significance of this red vermillion coating.

A copy of another ancient relief depicting Baby Zeus suckling a cow and the Kouretes. (Cow looks like a goat but since the actual ancient Greek legend says cow its most likely an example of artistic expression or even an inaccurate modern duplication. Aniconically and practically cows and goats serve the same role)

However there is a country of over a 1 billion people that still uses vermillion powder to this very day. This power is called kumkum powder. The real question is why are a majority of these sholars so indophobic? Why not look to the world’s most ancient ongoing civilzation and research their use of sacred vermillion powder in order to understand its use within the ancient world?

 It is not the use of kumkum alone that can be understood through the prism of the vedic tradiitons and culture.if we had a dearth of knowledge about krsna and his relationship with radha and the gopis, the 100s of similar stories and coins depicting the same exact activities by korous/zeus/welchanos could never be recognized.

The gap of time combined with the efforts of the atheistic mindset and religious exclusivists have obscured these many truths. this vedic culture is considered by the vedic authorities to be the primal reality of all existence. it is not only practiced thru out creation and amongst the demigods but believe it or not it was practiced in the nearby lands of ancient greece, egypt, babylon well.


In conclusion lets apply simple science. recent discoveries have revealed that within the indian ocean there are powerful and regular currents.this fact was intentionally hidden by avaricious merchants and hegemonistic political powers in order to stymie any potential competition. These Indian ocean currents go one way for 6 months and than switch around and go the opposite for the next 6 months.(details in my book)

The ancients knew about these currents and used them for trade. all an indian had to do to get to egypt crete etc was get on a boat at the rite time of year and sail west. there is vast evidence that many indians did indeed do this. paradoxically though a majority of schoalrs never deny that indian preachers spread buddhism throughout half the planet they are silent wen it comes to the influence of vedic culture by these very same indians.Though the vast globe-trotting ventures of many indians are recognized, and the Indian ocean currents a proven fact, secular scholars merely focus upon the westward bound merchants and the flow of trade.

Yet the massive flows of transcendent spirituality that clearly rode upon these very same ocean currents remain ignored and virtually forgotten. It is hoped that these significant episodes in the history of humanity and civilization will once again come to light. Let this knowledge and truth regarding our common global heritage inspire a renaisance of unified yet diverse expressions of devotion throughout the entire planet.

Ancient relief depicting the Kouretes dancing around Baby Zeus (Kouros)
Modern etching of the above Ancient relief depicting the Kouretes dancing around Baby Zeus (Kouros)

Vedic Empire’s “Back to Doghead” Christmas Special

HO HO HO! Merry Christmas & Hare Krishna!

Welcome to Vedic Empire Presents! The First Vedic Empire TV show aired in Honolulu, Hawaii in Oct 1996. Now over 25 years later, N. Kalia and Vrndavan Brannon Parker Reunite! Joined by historical researcher and religious scholar Elijah Dobkins, the Vedic Empire TV Series is Back!

In this episode, N. Kalia presents a startling premise; Santa Claus, his elves, gift bags/seasonal gift giving, naughty or nice lists and many other aspects of the Western Christmas tradition have ancient connections with India’s Vedic Ramayana tradition.

Have you ever wondered why Santa looks and behaves the way he does? Why do culture’s all over the World seemingly have different Santa origin stories?

Did you know that the prototype for Santa was based on the ‘Dog-Headed’ St. Christopher among several other ancient personalities?

In this discussion many clues are shared regarding the many mysteries at the root of the Christmas traditions.

N. Kalia has dedicated decades of research in pursuit of Vedic motifs and their transmigrations, such as comparing St. Christopher as the proto-Santa Claus with Hanuman of the Ramayana. He also specializes in Native American and Polynesian theology by way of etymology.

In this very special Christmas episode, join our hosts Kalia, Vrin and Elijah in uncovering the hidden origins of St. Christopher’s dog-headed antics in his transformation into the beloved Holiday figure we know today!

Also please visit our additional references and companion resources for your own independent study of this very fascinating topic:

Between 1757 and 1947, British colonials starved to death more than 60 million Indians – Ramtanu Maitra

Between 1757 and 1947, British colonials starved to death more than 60 million Indians – Ramtanu Maitra
— Read on

BEATLE’S PLEA FULFILLED – 50 YEARS LATER – City of Seattle Resolution offers Condemnation/Video Added

Written in January 2020

August 1st, 1971 represents a turning point in the history of Progressive Humanitarianism. For the first time name and fame were harnessed for the direct benefit of the nameless and forgotten. This was the Concert for Bangladesh and it was the first major benefit concert in history.

Former Beatles George Harrison and Ringo Starr along with Bob Dylan, Eric Clapton, Billy Preston, Leon Russell and the band Badfinger along with Ravi Shankar, Ali Akbar Khan, Alla Rakha Qureshi and Kamala Chakravarty gathered together on behalf of the suffering people of Bangladesh. Working with United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) the effort raised millions of dollars on behalf of the refugees of the 1971 Bangladesh war and famine.

It was a truly historic moment that has been recognized as “a brief incandescent revival of all that was best about the Sixties” Rolling Stone Magazine. Billboard magazine, “no politics involved. What is involved is starving children and for once, relief through 35 musicians who should represent the feeling of anyone who loves their music.”

Bangladeshi historian Farida Majid,”the “warmth, care and goodwill” of the August 1971 concerts “echoed all over the world.” Many were inspired to volunteer with UNICEF while others offered private donations to the Bangladesh disaster fund.

In June 1972 UNICEF honored George Harrison and Ravi Shankar with the “Child Is the Father of the Man” award for their ‘pioneering’ fundraising efforts for the refugees of Bangladesh. Bob Geldof also publicly acknowledged The Concert for Bangladesh as the inspiration for his 1985 Live Aid event recently highlighted in the film Bohemian Rhapsody.

In the aftermath of the Concert for Bangladesh, however, politics and the US government reared their ugly heads. Thus a majority of the charitable funds were held up in an IRS escrow account for 10 years before being released to the refugees of Bangladesh. Now on Feb 3rd, this coming Monday, the City of Seattle may add its dose of cold cynical dehumanizing politics to the lives of these very same refugees.

Read on to connect the dots.

Despite the efforts of George Harrison and company, the suffering and trauma has not ended for the victims of the Bangladesh crisis. 49 years later, thousands of Bangladeshi Refugees have remained Stateless. The Indian Government and the world’s various Human Rights organizations seemed powerless to help.

As an avid Beatle’s fan, amateur historian, community organizer and cultural activist I was keen to investigate the conditions of the people Harrison was so moved to help. Beyond sitting comfortable in Seattle, scanning Wikipedia for information, I personally went to Kolkata and West Bengal, India. Travelling the Indo-Bangladeshi border regions i met these people face to face. I saw the ground reality and put the faces of real human beings to the reports and statistics.

Screen Cap from my interview video with the Bangladeshi Hindu Refugees

During my 3 weeks there, I met hundreds of Hindu refugees living in squalor. With no land of their own, to this day they live in ramshackle structures hanging shelf-like above sewage clogged streams and river canals. I interviewed many victims of ethnic cleansing, rape and genocide. Heartbreaking scenes of helpless people holding pictures of murdered loved ones, copies of police and news reports confirming their accounts of violence, rape, land-loss, ethnic cleansing and mass murder. I was ashamed to the point of helplessness.

As a White American they assumed help was finally on its way for undoubtedly I could share their reports with the US President. I cried with them as they cried helplessly. Through the interpreter I had to gently reveal my inability to do anything beyond record their information and hopefully get the attention of others capable of helping to take note of their plight.

This was nearly 8 years ago. Beyond uploading their interviews to Youtube, I have been unable to help them.

Last December the Indian Government passed the CAA or Citizen Amendment Act. Finally the Indian Government was giving them full citizenship! My heart jumped for joy. Finally these suffering people for whom a Beatle appealed and the world soon forgot not only have a chance to live but can now thrive in their adopted homes.

Yet the world being what it is, and Indian politics, perhaps the world’s most tumultuous and chaotic, began to convulse. The Indian Government for its part clumsily enacted the bill ignoring the bad optics of the easily misconstrued Religious identity clause. Yet despite this, in the end, for all intents and purposes, the bill directly and positively impacts the lives of the Bangladeshi Refugees.

While the Muslim Bangladeshis gained an entire new country, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, the worlds 8th most populated country, it is overwhelmingly Muslim and is politically and socially Islamic. It is in fact the site of the 2nd largest Islamic religious gathering in the world. Obviously Bangladeshi Muslims have a safe place to call home.

Meanwhile the non-Muslim minorities that fled Bangladesh remained stateless. This CAA bill once and for all finally addresses this disparity.

Despite the great strides made by the Bangladeshi Government, Bangladeshi minorities continue to flee to India. There is obviously no safe space for them thus they flee.

Even today as the world rallies to the support of the Rohingya Muslims, Burmese Rohingya Hindus are denied help in Bangladeshi refugee camps for they rank lowest on the social totem pole. And in India thousands upon thousands of Bangladeshi Hindus remained Stateless, landless, forgotten living in squalid refugee camps. Finally more than 49 years after the 1971 Concert for Bangladesh, this CAA bill represents the first glimmer of hope in their lives.

Thus for me, having actually met these people, having seen their plight and knowing their suffering first hand, I can accurately recognize this as a true fulfillment of the Humanitarian promise initiated by George Harrison’s concern made real by his Concert for Bangladesh.

In the 1970s and 1980s the US Government and IRS cold-heartedly withheld millions of dollars of Bangladeshi refugee funds. Now once again a branch of the US government is set to proclaim to the entire world and to these very same suffering Refugees that they do not count. In fact, in the words of the refugees, they see it as ethnic and ideologically based hatred coming from the USA. Good going Seattle!

How is this happening?! A resolution to be voted on Feb 3rd by the Seattle City Council is the culprit. Council member Kshama Sawant’s cold hearted politically calculated bill, while speaking high sounding words of concern and humanitarianism is in fact a cynical weaponized tool that dehumanizes an entire people. Beyond that it enables mass rape, ethnic cleansing and genocide for it attacks the final positive resolution that has finally brought hope into the lives of the victims involved.

By totally ignoring the Bangladeshi Refugees, Sawant’s resolution dehumanizes them for it loudly proclaims that their concerns are irrelevant and their suffering unworthy of mention what to speak of mitigation.

While the Indian Government was admittedly clumsy in its presentation of the CAA bill, if Progressive Seattle wants to respond, it can and must do better.

As the largest US city named after an Indigenous personality, Chief Se’ahl, Seattle is currently a leader in promoting equality and justice for all and in the recognition of the tragedies experienced by indigenous people. And these Bangladeshi Refugees are as indigenous as one can get.

Will Seattle now be at the forefront of condemning a living Indigenous community to irrelevance? Will the City of Seattle put the knife in their hearts by condemning their chance for a life of dignity by officially censuring the CAA as an act of hatred? Will the City of Seattle allow itself to be abused as a weapon in the ideological rivalries of chaotic and traumatised South Asian politics? Is the City of Seattle about to enact its own form of official dehumanization exemplified by the US Federal governments seizure of Bangladeshi charitable funds for these very same refugees?

It is a fact that strong emotions can cloud the mind and hijack reason. This resolution presented by Kshama Sawant appears to count on that. It is unscrupulous for it abuses our collective sense of fairplay and compassion in an attempt to punish Sawant’s ideological rivals in India.

Yet when seen through the prism of the thousands of very real human beings I met who are now benefiting from the CAA it is imperative to recognize what it truly means on the human level.

Therefore I urge the City of Seattle to reject this bill. Kshama Sawant is misleading our community in her attempt to harness our goodwill as a political weapon. Her resolution de-personizes an entire people. It is not representative of our Seattle. If passed it will represent a tragic betrayal of the humanitarian and compassionate ethos at the heart of our city.

It is in fact a direct rejection of the 1960s peace and love anti-war and Universal Goodwill exemplified by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar’s Concert for Bangladesh for it condemns the upliftment of the very same people their concert was meant to help.

If the city of Seattle truly wants to address the various humanitarian traumas that have long plagued South Asia, and if the City of Seattle is truly sincere about the human rights of all people, then the city of Seattle must officially offer these long-suffering Bangladeshi refugees asylum.

The current resolution as it stands now, is severely flawed and if passed will be trumpeted throughout India causing further anguish and traumatization of the Bangladeshi refugees. Is that truly the message the City of Seattle wants to send them?

Seems impossible for it is not a true reflection of our Seattle. Clearly it would be a heart breaking step backwards in our Collective efforts towards building a truly compassionate and socially responsible Society.

Ancient Syria’s Hari Culture & Akhenaten’s Eye of God

Note: Originally compiled and written in 1999, the article has been updated with relevant data and images.

Around 4,000 years ago,the Hurrians (The Hari) controlled an important empire called Mitanni. Known as the ‘nhrn’ (Naharin) by the ancient Egyptians, it is principally among the Mitanni that Vedic Aryan names and words occur. The Mitanni Capital City was known as Wasukanni or Vasukanni, a Sanskrit word translated as ‘mine of wealth’, but is in fact related to a Sanskrit name of God Vasudeva.

Mitanni capital was Wassukanni / Washukanni and its location has been determined by archaeologists to be on the headwaters of the River Habur, a tributary of the Euphrates. Washukanni is similar to the Kurdish word bashkani, bash meaning good and kanî meaning well or source (Kurdish has the same name, kani, for well and source). The Luwian word vasu also means good. The name is similar to the Sanskrit word vasukhani meaning ‘mine of wealth‘. Source

In a famous treaty between the Hittite ruler Suppiluliuma and the Mitanni king, Mattiwaza,(Mattiraja) about 1370 BC, the Aryan gods Mithra, Varuna, Indra and the twin Nasatyas are mentioned. Thus in the Mitanni kingdom Aryan gods were worshipped as well as Mesopotamian deities, which indicates an “Aryan Vedic element.”

Suttarna, son of Kirta, King of Mittani Cylinder seal impression of Suttarna, son of Kirta (Collon 1975) (Legend; Suttarna, son of Kirta, King of Mittani)

In this particular treaty, between the Hittite King Shuppilulima and Mattiwaza (Mattiraja), king of the Hurrian (Hari)kingdom of Mitanni circa 1350 BC, listed among the divine witnesses “Mitra-ash, Uruwana, Indra, and the Nashatiyanu gods, the very Mithra, Varuna, Indra, and the Nasatya gods of the Vedic/Hindu pantheon”

Two lions are defeated by a central single human-headed lion-man in bird costume; A Dynastic Emblem of Mitanni King Shaushtatar, 1450 BC. Note the Winged Disc overhead. This was ancient humanity’s visual symbol of Hari (God), Sudarshan = auspicious vision with the Eagle Garuda

Another treatise from the State Archives of the Hittite Empire was discovered in Boghaz-keui in modern Turkey. It is a treatise on chariot racing and it uses Sanskrit words such as “Aikavartana=One Turn, Teravartana=Three Turns, Panzavartana=Five Turns, Sattavartana=Seven Turns.”

Mitanni Seal 1500–1350 B.C.

“The Hittite archives of Hattusa, near present-day Bogazkale contained what is the oldest surviving horse training manual in the world. The elaborate work was written c. 1345 BCE on four tablets and contains 1080 lines by a Mitanni horse trainer named Kikkuli. It begins with the words, “Thus speaks Kikkuli, master horse trainer of the land of Mitanni” and uses various Indo-Iranian words for horse colours, numbers and names. Examples: Assussanni a form of Sanskrit asva-sani meaning ‘horse trainer’, aika wartanna meaning one turn (cf. Vedic Sanskrit ek vartanam),
tera wartanna meaning three turns (cf. Vedic Sanskrit tri vartanam),
panza wartanna meaning five turns (cf. Vedic Sanskrit panca vartanam),
satta wartanna meaning seven turns (cf. Vedic Sanskrit sapta vartanam), and navartanna meaning nine turns (cf. Vedic Sanskrit nava vartanam).” Source

Mitanni Divinities. Source: The Hurrians – William Gerhot

Excavations in El-Amarna, Egypt have revealed that during the middle of the 2nd millennium BC, Kings and Princes with typical Vedic names were ruling in the region of modern day Syria. Some of these names are Artamanya, Aryavirya, Yashodatta, Barattarna, Dushrata and Suttarna.

The royal seal of the King of Mitanni Sauššatar or Shaushtatar (late 15th century BC-c. 1440-1410 BC) was a winged eight-pointed sun disk, flanked by two lions and two eagles.

From Mitannian proper names such as Shuwardatta one can also infer the presence of the Vedic Sun God Surya in the Mitanni pantheon. Surya was also worshiped by the Vedic Aryan Kings of Babylon, the Kassites, by the name of Suryash.

The so-called Sun worshipping ‘heresy’ of Pharaoh Akhnaton was in fact a revival movement. It was an attempt to return to Egypt’s original religious tradition. This tradition was centered upon the worship of God through the Sun. As an obvious visual manifestation, the Sun was recognized as an ‘Auspicious Vision’ or Su Darshan of God. Thus rather than the sole object of devotion, the Sun served as a via medium between the worshipper and God.

Akhnaton was born in the beautiful Charuk palace, in Thebes, in or shortly after 1395 B.C., (some scholars place his birth a few years later.) At the young age of 12, Akhnaton was crowned King of Egypt. Records show that in the beginning, he merely reigned, while his Mitanni Mother, Queen Tiy, actually governed.

The King of the Mitanni, King Dashratha (Dushratta),writing to congratulate him on his accession, addresses himself to Queen Tiy, not to Akhnaton directly. Even in later letters of this period, Dashratha writes to Akhnaton advising him to “refer to his mother” about important matters.

At the age of eighteen years, he came into complete power of the Kingdom. It was at this time that he proclaimed his faith in One God-The Sun, which he designated by the name of Aton, ie. The Disk or Fiery Orb. He publicly proclaimed his faith in Aton, as the God of Gods.

Akhnaton’s Symbolism of God represented by the Sun as an Auspicious Vision Disk or Su-Darshan Chakra. The Sun’s Rays or Corona, reach down giving Mercy or Karuna. The Ankh or Egyptian Cross is also a variation of the Sudarshan Disk as is the Swastika. Thus all these emblems and traditions have been identified as Solar Cults. Yet ultimately they are all rooted in worship of the Supreme God Hari.

Some have claimed that as a Sun worshipper, Akhnaton was more of an Animist Nature worshiper rather than a devotee of A Supreme Godhead. However Akhnaton’s own words confirm that this is not the case. Akhnaton spoke of the Sun disk as being the Eye of Aton and a representative of Aton’s Power.

In the Bhagavad Gita Lord Krishna or Hari directly identified Himself with the various archetypes at the foundation of creation

In the Bhagavad Gita, the Sun is also described as one of the unlimited eyes of God’s Universal form. In the Brahma-Samhita the Sun is also described as the Eye of God. Akhnaton’s reverance of the Sun is properly understood in this context.

Great Source of Mittani related Artifacts and Information from the University of Pennsylvania