The Secret & Sacred Blue God of the Lakota Indians

Wakinyan – Thunderbird – Eagle and favorite companion of Wakan Tanka – Source: lovelova

The Lakota Indians of the American Plains have various names for the Supreme Being. Among them Wakan Tanka is the most well known and widely used. What does this name mean? The answer is provided by the wisdom of the Lakota Elders.

They identify the term KAN within the word Wakan to represent the divinity, the sacredness and the mystical nature of the word. In other words, it is KAN that makes it a Godly name. It is KAN that makes it sacred and it is the actual indicator of the Divinity of God, of the Holy, the Godly and the Saintly.

The Lakota people have many other commonly known names besides Wakan Tanka for God and his/her various manifestations. However there are two names of God, Secret Names, known only to the ‘wiyan wakan’ holy women and ‘wicasa wakan’ holy men. These two names are Skan and To.

The bases of the triangles of these two rings are directly opposite each other and spaced slightly apart. They represent stylized feathers and are blue, the color of Skan, the third Lakota spirit.” Center for American Indian Research and Native Studies (CAIRNS)

Wanka Tanka as Skan is identified as being Blue in color. Also known as Taku Skan-skan and Nagi Tanka, he represents ‘the power of all that moves.’ He has Supreme authority overall and he is everywhere. He is the Supreme arbiter, pure, spiritual, masculine and non-material. “…all that mankind can see of Him is the blue of the sky. But He is everywhere.” The Sun Dance and Other Ceremonies of the Oglala Division of The Teton Dakota John R. Walker 1917

The other secret name of God ‘To‘ means ‘Blue‘. Thus Wakan Tanka’s most arcane and confidential names are Skan, who is Blue and To which means Blue.

Significantly the concept of the ‘Blueness of God’ is thus reinforced twice at the most advanced mystical levels of Lakota Religion and spirituality. There can be absolutely no doubt. The Supreme God of the Lakota, Wakan Tanka is Blue.

When combining the Blue epitath with the Lakota word KAN, (used to signify anything sacred and divine,) the nature and characteristics of their Supreme Being, WaKAN Tanka become obvious. The names, attributes, qualities and associations all correlate exactly with the universal Supreme Godhead archetype shared across the globe.

Wakan Tanka has two secret names, SKAN and TO. SKAN is Blue & represents ‘the power of all that moves’. The other secret name of God ‘To’ means ‘Blue’. Significantly the concept of the ‘Blueness of God’ is thus reinforced twice at the most esoteric mystical levels of Lakota Religion and Spirituality.

Prehistoric Wakinyan Thunderbird, Indigenous Ho Chunk people date it ‘from a time before them’  Lemonweir Glyphs, Wisconsin. National Register of Historic Places

According to the Lakota Elders, the most esoteric and confidential name of God is TO-KAN or BLUE DIVINITY (GOD). The Lakota word KAN is often translated to mean “Incomprehensible. An incomprehensible fact that cannot be demonstrated.” This is the actual purport of the words TO-KAN given by the Lakota Elders. And this is how the Ancients of every culture describe God throughout history.  

“The LORD is great, and to be praised highly, though his greatness is indescribable.” Psalm 145:3 Knowing Jesus

Na tasya pratima asti – “There is no likeness of Him..” Svetasvatara Upanishad 4:19 Astroulagam

“This Śrī Kṛṣṇa is no other than the inconceivable, original Personality of Godhead. He is the first Nārāyaṇa, the supreme enjoyer.” Srimad Bhagavatam 1:9:18 Prayers of Bhishma – The Passing Away of Bhīṣmadeva in the Presence of Lord Kṛṣṇa

Al-Baatin الْبَاطِنُ “The Imperceptible The Hidden, The Secret One, The Inner One, The Knower of Hidden Things.” 99 Names of Allah My Islam

Lakota Belief and Ritual

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The book, Lakota Belief and Ritual‘ presents the James R. Walker collection of traditional Lakota knowledge. Walker spent eighteen years in South Dakota. He worked as a physician on the Pine Ridge Reservation, the home of the Oglala Sioux. From 1896 until 1914, he collected material relating to nearly every aspect of the old Lakota way of life. “This collection records teachings by men whose statements of belief show the energy, depth, and imaginative intensity characteristic of the Lakota response to specific cultural, social, and ecological challenges.” (Word ‘imaginative’ applied by reviewer should read ‘sacred’.) In fact Dr. James R. Walker was trained and accepted as a shaman and ‘medicine man’ by the very Lakota Elders featured in his book. He was both a ‘Public health pioneer and shaman”

Basically this is the ultimate “go-to‘ book and resource for understanding one of Humanity’s most ancient religious and mystical traditions. It is a collection of authentic ancient Indigenous American spirituality as preserved in Lakota belief and ritual. These teachings clearly identify the Supreme God, Wakan Tanka as Blue and his sacred essence is known as Kan.

Lakota teachings also reveal that Wakinyan or Thunderbird is the Eagle and favorite companion of Wakan Tanka. Thus we have a twice-comfirmed as Blue Supreme Godhead identified as Kan with an Eagle as his favorite companion.

Blue + Kan + Eagle = Wakan Tanka = Krishna + Garuda

Cross Cultural Commonality of Kan, the Blue Supreme Godhead

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Krishna Kanhaiya the Beloved Darling of Mother Yashoda

The Blue Krishna of the Vedic Vaishnava Indic Traditions is commonly known as Kanha. And like the mystical Lakota tradition, Kanha is an informal, intimate name of God. This nickname, Kanha Kanhaiya, is used by Yashoda, whom Krishna lovingly accepted as his own Mother. A mother’s pet name for her beloved son is one of the most intimate and often secret reflections of pure love in creation.

Thus this name of Kan is rooted in the concept of an all-powerful Supreme God’s loving nature. God is the source of all Love and true religion is about reviving our eternal loving relationships with God.

While many, including some Lakota people, have forgotten their own original culture, the evidence still remains. It has been preserved within the teachings and wisdom of their Elders. This wisdom confirms that the God of their tradition, To-Kan or Blue Divinity is the same God at the root of every major religious tradition of the world.

Kane and His Bird Aaia-nukea-nui-a-Kane

In the ancient Hawaiian Polynesian traditions we find Kan/Kanha as Kane. Not only is his name the same but his attributes are an exact match for both Wakan Tanka and Krishna Kanha.

Ancient Polynesian Religion recognizes Kane as the highest of all the Gods and Goddesses. “Kane is the father of living creatures. Kane is the highest of the four major gods. He represented the god of procreation and was worshipped as ancestor of chiefs and commoners. Kāne is the creator and gives life associated with dawn, sun and sky. No human sacrifice or laborious ritual was needed in the worship of Kāne.’ Ancient Hawaiian Gods.

Like Krishna and Wakan Tanka, Kane has a favorite winged companion. He is called Aaia-nukea-nui-a-Kane,, meaning Great White Albatross of Kane. This is the white albatross (Diomedea immutabilis) which used to be seen commonly along the Hawaiian island coasts and was called “Kane’s bird.” As the largest bird in a region with a species of small sized Hawks, its obvious why this massive bird fulfills the role of ‘Eagle of God’ Garuda archetype.

IN REVIEW

  • Wakan Tanka has 2 secret names, Skan and To
  • Wakan Tanka as Skan is Blue in hue
  • Wakan Tanka as To means Blue
  • The concept of the ‘Blueness of God’ is thus reinforced twice at the most advanced mystical levels of Lakota Religion and spirituality
  • The word Kan in the name Wakan Tanka represents God, the sacred and the Divine
  • Kan, Kana, Kanha, Kane is the name for God throughout the ancient world
  • Kan of ancient American Indian religion has an Eagle Wakinyan as a favored companion
  • Kanha of ancient Vedic Vaishnava Indic tradition has an Eagle Garuda as a favored companion
  • Kane of the ancient Polynesian tradition has a white albatross, Aaia-nukea-nui-a-Kane as a favored companion

Global Presence of Kana, Kanhaiya, Kanu

The scholar Neil Kalia Robinson writes,KANA, Kanhaiya or Kanu etc., is a name for Krsna; Kana means, a grain, seed, drop or spark; smaller,lesser, young, younger, and YOUNGER BROTHER’. Kana also means “to shine, to please, pupil of the eye, to wink;” KANA is linked to the Skt. word TANA, extend, propagating, offspring, race, child etc.(see definiton below); In Polynesian, TANE or KANE is the YOUNGER BROTHER of TANGAROA/ KANALOA. Tane/ Kane and Tangaroa/Kanaloa are the Gods who propagate mankind thus, Tane/Kane for “man;” Tanata/ Kanaka, “mankind” and Tama/Kama “child.” From Asia, Africa to Native America the TANA/KANA relation appears to continue to be in popular use. IN Polynesian lore Tane/ Kane, like Krsna Kanhaiya, is said to be a dark complexion While correspondent to Balarama, Tangaroa / Kanaloa is fair. The lord of earth is Tane while Tangaroa ruled the depths of the sea or the primordial PO. Tangaroa/ Kanaloa in His form supporting the cosmos as the Polynesian Heke, or He’e, “octopus, squid” is thus equivalent of Ananta Shesha the infinte serpent who supports the cosmos. Ananta is famously known as an expansion of Balarama the elder Brother of Krsna or Kana.”

 Aaia-nukea-nui-a-Kane, Great White Albatross of Kane

Below are some references highlighting the use of the term KAN within the Lakota Indian Tradition. Wherever and whenever it is used it is to describe that which is Holy, Sacred and connected to God. Go here to read direct source.

Interestingly we find that the words Angel and Messenger are the same in the Lakota language. We find this conception in Sanskrit as well. The Sanskrit word Angira means Messenger and this word Angira is the source of the word Angel or Messenger of God.

ogligle wakan – messenger

ogligle wakan – angel

wakan – holy

wakan ankanta – great holy

wakan tanka – God

wakan tanan kici un – may the Great Spirit bless you

wo-wakan – supernatural

wiyan wakan – holy woman

wicasa wakan – holy man

wichasha wakan – medicine man

owanka wakan – sacred altar

minne-wakan – holy water

can wakan – sun dance

tipi wakan – church

tipi wakan – temple

mazawakan – iron or gun. (Because the shot from it is like the act of the Wakan.)

Woniya Wakan – Holy Spirit

Lakota – Maka – Sanskrit – Mata – English – Mother

Maka – The Earth and Grandmother of all things. This is Mata = Mother in Sanskrit. (K & T are interchangeable within linguistics) The name of the Earth represents the ultimate primal expression of identity in a people. Again we find a foundational cultural element at the root of geographically and historically divergent cultures.

Mdewakantonwan – Spirit Lake or Sacred Lake people

We also find the term Kan is applied consistently within the same context and manner amongst the the various Lakota and among other American Indian Tribes as well.

Chinook (Northwestern US) Ikanam – Creator god

Mahikan (Indians of the Northeastern US)

Okanagan (Indians of Northwestern US)

And Tecumseh Spoke – ‘Hurling out his Words like a Succession of Thunderbolts’

Tecumseh travelled throughout the land sharing his message of solidarity and unity. His tour took him to many towns all throughout the Indian country. The delivery of his message impressed all who listened.

US Army Brigadier General Samuel Dale Monument

The ‘Daniel Boone of Alabama’, General Samuel Dale, who had fought the Indians, provides an eyewitness account. “At length Tecumseh spoke, at first slowly and in sonorous tones; but soon he grew impassioned, and the words fell in avalanches from his lips. His eyes burned with supernatural lustre, and his whole frame trembled with emotion: his voice resounded over the multitude—now sinking in low and musical whispers, now rising to its highest key, hurling out his words like a succession of thunderbolts. I have heard many great orators but I have never seen one with the vocal powers of Tecumseh!” US Army Brigadier General Samuel Dale

The US Governor of the Indiana territory William Henry Harrison was a dedicated American expansionist. The name Indiana means “Land of the Indians” yet Harrison was committed to the ethnic cleansing of the Indian people for whom the land was named. Harrison was eager to expand the territory, as his political fortunes were tied to Indiana’s rise to statehood. In 1803 President Thomas Jefferson granted Harrison authority to negotiate and conclude treaties with the Native American tribes in the territory. Harrison oversaw the creation of thirteen treaties, purchasing more than 60,000,000 acres of land from Native American leaders, including most present day southern Indiana.

Through his scheming efforts millions of acres of American Indian land was being stolen and sold to white American families. His first goal was to populate Indiana with ‘civilized’ people in order to reach the threshold of 60,000, the required number for a territory to be recognized as a US State. Whites began brutally massacring Indians in a random manner. Harrison for his part in one instance sent his own Doctor to treat several Indian victims, not out of compassion but, as he explained, because, “Such instances exasperate the Indians and will prevent them from delivering members of their tribe who have broken our laws.”


Such a jaundiced and prejudiced mentality was the order of the day.Cheeseekau, the mentor and elder brother of Tecumseh said it perfectly, “When a white army battles Indians and wins, it is called a great victory, but if they lose it is called a massacre. The white man seeks to conquer nature, to bend it to its will and to use it wastefully until it is all gone and then he simply moves on, leaving the waste behind him and looking for new places to take.” In such a setting Whites escaped punishment for their crimes against the Natives while Indians were frequently hunted down and executed for any crimes committed against the Whites. Gov. Harrison refused to apply the law equally to all but rather continually demanded the extradition of Natives at will. This led to a further breakdown in the relationship between Tecumseh and Harrison.

There was thus great tension on the frontier and it neared the breaking the point after the contentious and disputed 1809 Treaty of Fort Wayne. In this treaty Harrison purchased more than 250,000,000 acres of American Indian land in current central Indiana and eastern Illinois. In 1810 Tecumseh decided to try one last effort in convincing Harrison of the illegality and injustice of these treaties and he personally journeyed to Harrison’s stronghold of Vincennes.Tecumseh, with about 400 armed warriors, confronted Harrison and demanded that the Treaty of Fort Wayne be rescinded.

When invited to sit in a chair by General Harrison, Tecumseh replied,’Weshemoneto (God) is my father, the Earth is my mother and I will rest upon her bossom.’

As Tecumseh arrived he was invited to a seat of honor near ‘his father’ Harrison. Rather than being honored Tecumseh stood up tall, pointed to the sky and replied, “Gen. Harrison is not my father. The Great Spirit (God) is my father.” Pointing to the Earth he said,”And the Earth is my mother and I will repose upon her bosom.” So saying Tecumseh sat cross-legged upon the ground. Harrison and his staff were thus forced to join him upon the ground.

Tecumseh boldly confronted Harrison challenging him to be honorable and just and with great sincerity, conviction, eloquence and energy Tecumseh tried to reason with Harrison. “Brother, I wish you to give me close attention, because I think you do not clearly understand. I want to speak to you about promises that the Americans have made. You recall the time when the Jesus Indians of the Delawares (Christian converted natives) lived near the Americans, and had confidence in their promises of friendship, and thought they were secure, yet the Americans murdered all the men, women, and children, even as they prayed to Jesus? Brother, I mean to bring all the tribes together, in spite of you, and until I have finished, I will not go to visit your President (in Washington DC).

Tecumseh Rescue American Prisoners from Massacre

Maybe I will when I have finished, maybe…But you do not want unity among the tribes, and you destroy it. You try to make differences between them. We, their leaders, wish them to unite and consider their land the common property of all, but you try to keep them from this. You separate the tribes and deal with them that way, one by one, and advise them not to come into this union. Your states have set an example of forming a union among all the Fires (States), why should you censure the Indians for following that example?

The only way to stop this evil is for all the Red Men to unite in claiming an equal right in the land. That is how it was at first, and should be still, for the land never was divided, but was for the use of everyone. Any tribe could go to an empty land and make a home there. And if they left, another tribe could come there and make a home. No groups among us have a right to sell, even to one another, and surely not to outsiders who want all, and will not do with less.

Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the clouds, and the Great Sea, as well as the Earth? Did not the Great Good Spirit make them all for the use of his children?
The being within me hears the voice of the ages, which tells me that once, always, and until lately, there were no white men on all this island, that it then belonged to the Red Men, children of the same parents, placed on it by the Great Good Spirit who made them.

And that I might make the destiny of my Red People of our Nation, as great as I conceive it could be in my mind, when I think of Weshemoneto (God), who rules this universe! I would not then have to come to Governor Harrison and ask him to tear up this treaty and wipe away the marks upon the land. No! I would say to him, “Sir, you may return to your own country!”

When Jesus Christ came upon the earth, you killed him, the son of your own God, you nailed him up! You thought he was dead, but you were mistaken. And only after you thought you killed him did you worship him, and start killing those who would not worship him. What kind of a people is this for us to trust? Tecumseh

Now, Brother, everything I have said to you is the truth, as Weshemoneto (God) has inspired me to speak only truth to you. I have declared myself freely to you about my intentions. And I want to know your intentions. I want to know what you are going to do about the taking of our land. I want to hear you say that you understand now, and will wipe out that pretended treaty, so that the tribes can be at peace with each other, as you pretend you want them to be.Tell me, brother. I want to know now!” Later observers would recall the impression Tecumseh made.

After witnessing a three hour speech by Tecumseh W.S. Hatch wrote, “The effect of his bitter burning words of eloquence was so great upon his companions that whole the 300 of them could hardly refrain from springing from their seats. Their eyes flashed, and even the most aged, many of whom were smoking, evinced the greatest excitement. The orator appeared in all the power of a fiery and impassioned speaker and actor.”

The First meeting between US general William Henry Harrison and Tecumseh

General Harrison, himself who had long envisioned Tecumseh’s younger brother Tenskwatawa as his primary rival for the hearts and minds of the Indians, now realized that Tecumseh was the true genius behind the resistance. “This brother is really the efficient man – the Moses of the family. He is described by all as a bold, active sensible man daring in the extreme and capable of any undertaking.”

Though impressed by Tecumseh’s words Harrison refused to compromise. He ridiculed Tecumseh’s dream of a unified Indian peoples by saying that if God had wanted them to unite he would not have divided them by language and custom. Harrison then insulted Tecumseh by denying that he had any right to speak for anyone other than his own small band of Shawnee. This enraged Tecumseh and cutting off Harrison in mid-sentence he rose to his feet brandishing his tomahawk axe. Having no guns on hand his warriors all jumped up as well brandishing their native weapons. Tecumseh accused Harrison of lying and as the tension rose Harrison pulled out his sword as the Guard was called to defend the General.For his part General Harrison sternly announced an end to the meeting.

During the night tension reigned as both parties prepared for battle. However Tecumseh regretted his outburst and by the next day emotions had mellowed and the talks began again. Despite the effort at amity nothing was resolved. Rejecting all of Harrison’s points Tecumseh made it plain and simple. The Indians are not interested in annuities or treaties. All they needed and wanted was their land and the freedom to practice their religion and customs as they had for countless millennia.

Future US President Harrison meets Tecumseh

The two antagonists Tecumseh and Harrison actually met twice for extended meetings. The first meeting took place in August 1810 and the second meeting was held in July 1811. At the second meeting, honest to a fault, Tecumseh informed Harrison of his planned tour of the Southern Tribes living in the region of the modern south-east United States. Harrison was soon to take advantage of his absence. Assuming that he had gained some time by stalling General Harrison, Tecumseh then departed upon his legendary 6 month journey across America. It was his conviction that until the Indian people cease their hostility towards one another and unite in common cause, only then would he be rewarded with success in this sacred mission. Thus in July 1811 Tecumseh began his journey south.

1811 the Year of Decision
The year 1811 was one of those crucial moments in history when the destiny of humanity itself hangs in the balance. It was a fork in the road, a choice and a final chance was given to choose justice and righteousness over greed, cruelty and mayhem. Tecumseh, sent by the ‘Maker of Life’ (God) urged the Indian people to unite in a solid alliance and in so doing create a virtual “Great Wall of America”. Tecumseh himself referred to it as ‘a dam to resist the mighty waters flooding over Indian lands.’ Rather than bricks and mortar this dam was to be made of the spirit, willpower and manpower of the combined native population of the entire continent. He had the vision but it was up to the Indian people to make it a reality.

Comet of 1811

Many strange omens and portents began appearing. Natural disturbances occurred unsettling both the White settlers and the Indians. Torrential rains flooded the land forcing one and all to seek shelter in the hills. Squirrels, who do not roam in packs, suddenly joined together in packs of ‘tens of thousands’ rushing madly from the north, through the forests and dashing into the Ohio River only to helplessly drowned. An ‘unprecedented sickness’ swept the region emptying towns.

Tecumseh’s Comet
Then in March 1811 a massive comet appeared in the skies. In North America it was soon to be called ‘Tecumseh’s Comet. The comet, with an orbit of 3,065 years, was last seen during the time of Ramses II of Egypt. Its head was a million miles across and its tail was 132 million miles long. At first it was not visible in America. Then in September it suddenly became visible. Coinciding with Tecumseh’s arrival in the South the comet lit up the night, travelling like Tecumseh, from west to east.

Everywhere he went the comet seemed to follow Tecumseh announcing his arrival. The forests and fields were ‘lit up in a dull twilight’ as the awesome phenomenon inspired awe and consternation, not just in America, but across the world. Many assumed the end of the world was nigh. Panicked descriptions and warnings filled the conversations and press around the world.

The comet reached its brightest on October 15th, 1811. For many Natives the comet was a sign from the Creator and served to inspire confidence in the authenticity of Tecumseh’s message. Everywhere Tecumseh went that awesome comet, brilliant and searing across the night skies, reminded one and all that the Great Celestial Panther himself was indeed among them.

Tecumseh’s people, the Shawnee, identified meteors and comets as a ‘Celestial Panther Flying Across the Sky’. At his birth a meteor burst through the skies and thus Tecumseh was named after this phenomenon. Surely it was no mere coincidence that this great comet appeared along with he whose very name, Tecumseh, means meteor or comet and he whose birth was marked by this very same ‘Panther Across the Sky’. Indeed Tecumseh was a Divine Messenger sent by God. He represented the last chance for the Red People to unite and thus save themselves and their civilization as they hovered on the brink of extinction.

Tecumseh, handsome, dynamic and bold was already quite an impressive figure. Now silhouetted by the great comet for which he was named at birth, decorated with body paint and a red headband, 2 crane feathers in his hair- one white for peace the other red in preparation for war, silver armbands and 3 silver rings hanging from the center of his nose, Tecumseh appeared magnificent and inspiring.

Tecumseh’s Call for Indian Unity
Tecumseh had instructed his warriors to carry only Indian weapons and to wear only native dress to show that they relied solely upon the Indian ways. While Tecumseh was dressed in a simple fashion his group of 30 or so followers dressed in a ‘fantastic fashion’ with eagle and hawk feathers in their hair and buffalo tails jutting from the back of their belts as other tails and hawk feathers protruded from their arms.Their bodies were painted black, red semi-circles and slashes were beneath their eyes and across their cheekbones, They had red circles on their foreheads and red jagged lightning bolts streaked down their arms and legs. Their heads were shaven except for three braided scalp-locks that hung down their backs. The entire composition was accentuated by a large red circle upon their chests.

Just as in in Hindu and Polynesian ceremonies a sacred conchshell was blown announcing the beginning of the ceremony and then Tecumseh was formally introduced to the audience.

We get a sample of this introduction from his visit to the Creek Indians of Tukabatchee, Alabama. The Creek Chief Big Warrior announced Tecumseh. “From somewhere in the outer darkness, where the Spirits (gods) live beyond the moon, a comet torch is racing towards us – a thing of wonder, a sword of fire! To those of us whose hearts are downcast, whose breath is a stabbing pain, it puts into our hands a tool, a weapon, it gives us hope for our salvation. It gives us hope to avenge the wrongs against us. Tecumseh, springing like a panther, whose eyes are coal of deadly fire, gives hope to all who listen. Look now! Tecumseh Comes!

Tecumseh Enters the Council

In a three-part dance series Tecumseh and his troupe performed new dances including the “Dance of the Lakes” which soon became a favorite for the Indians of the Alabama region. As they danced they placed themselves at the center of the square and then Tecumseh announced loudly, “ Just see the fiery arm of Weshemanitou (God) flying across the sky! And remember that I am Tecumseh – the Shooting Star. Behold the Shooting Star of Weshemanitou!” This was followed by the loud whooping of his followers. A ceremonial pipe was lit and passed around the gathering. Then as the audience was in a state of great excitement and their attention fully gathered Tecumseh began to speak with intensity and power. His was the voice of a brilliant mind and his words stirred the imagination of all who saw him. His countenance brightened and his erect body swelled with emotion as his personality enthralled his audience.

Words like a Succession of Thunderbolts
Brothers — My people wish for peace; the red men all wish for peace; but where the white people are, there is no peace for them, except it be on the bosom of our mother. Where today are the Pequot? Where are the Narragansett, the Mohican, the Pokanoket, and many other once powerful tribes of our people? They have vanished before the avarice and the oppression of the White Man, as snow before a summer sun. Will we let ourselves be destroyed in our turn without a struggle, give up our homes, our country bequeathed to us by the Great Spirit, the graves of our dead and everything that is dear to us? I know you will cry with me, Never! NEVER!.

Tecumseh from engraving 1861 (Library of Congress)

Brothers – The annihilation of our race is at hand! This is assured unless we unite in one common cause against our common foe. Think not, brave Choctaws and Chickasaws, that you can remain passive and indifferent to the common danger, and thus escape the common fate. Your people, too, will soon be as falling leaves and scattering clouds before their blighting breath. You, too, will be driven away from your native land and ancient domains as leaves are driven before the wintry storms.

Sleep no longer, O Choctaws and Chickasaws, in false security and delusive hopes. Our broad domains are fast escaping from our grasp. Every year our white intruders become more greedy, exacting, oppressive and overbearing. Every year contentions spring up between them and our people and when blood is shed we have to make atonement whether right or wrong, at the cost of the lives of our greatest chiefs, and the yielding up of large tracts of our lands.

Brothers, The white people send runners amongst us; they wish to make us enemies, that they may sweep over and desolate our hunting grounds, like devastating winds, or rushing waters. If there be one here tonight who believes that his rights will not sooner or later be taken from him by the avaricious American pale faces, his ignorance ought to excite pity, for he knows little of our common foe…

Now listen to the voice of duty, of honor, of nature and of your endangered country. Let us form one body, one heart, and defend to the last warrior our country, our homes, our liberty, and the graves of our fathers.
Brothers, we must be united; we must smoke the same pipe; we must fight each other’s battles; and, most importantly, we must love the Great Spirit (God): he is for us; he will destroy our enemies, and make all his red children happy.

Tecumseh travelled throughout the land sharing his message of solidarity and unity. His tour took him through many towns throughout the Indian country. The delivery of his message impressed all who listened.

The ‘Daniel Boone of Alabama’, General Samuel Dale, who had fought the Indians, provides an eyewitness account“At length Tecumseh spoke, at first slowly and in sonorous tones; but soon he grew impassioned, and the words fell in avalanches from his lips. His eyes burned with supernatural lustre, and his whole frame trembled with emotion: his voice resounded over the multitude—now sinking in low and musical whispers, now rising to its highest key, hurling out his words like a succession of thunderbolts. I have heard many great orators but I have never seen one with the vocal powers of Tecumseh or the same command of the muscles in his face.” US Brigadier General Samuel Dale

The Enemy Within
Despite his eloquence the jealousy and fear of many Indian Chiefs and Elders rose up to oppose him. Everywhere Tecumseh went he was followed by a Choctaw Chief named Pushmataha. He had been bribed by the Americans to follow Tecumseh from town to town to discredit and deflate the impression he made. He would follow Tecumseh’s speech with a speech of his own ridiculing Tecumseh’s words and spreading American propaganda throughout the tribes. He rejected the offers of alliance and reconquest proffered by Tecumseh and instead Pushmataha and his tribe sided with the Americans during the War of 1812.

He even went so far as to warn Tecumseh directly that he would fight against anyone who fought against the United States. A Cherokee Chief named Nunnehidihi (The Ridge) reportedly threatened Tecumseh with death if he tried to spread his message to the Cherokees. However in fulfillment of Tecumseh’s prophetic warnings every Indian tribe, be they friend or foe were soon forced off their lands and driven across the Mississippi River.

Despite their vocal and strident support for the Americans both Pushmataha and Nunnehidihi, like some of Tecumseh’s own Shawnee that also supported the US, were later forcibly removed and betrayed by the US Government’s Indian Removal Act. Nunnehidihi along with his son were eventually assassinated by their fellow Cherokees for signing the Treaty of Removal leading to the loss of nearly all the Cherokee homelands.

Chief Yonaguska and the White Cherokee
In the end only one small group of Cherokee Indians were allowed to remain in their original homelands. This group of Cherokee of the Qualla Township, inspired by a follower of Tecumseh named Tsali (who was martyred) and guided by their chief Yonaguska represent a rare example of native survival. Chief Yonaguska was a remarkable man who like Tecumseh’s brother Tenskwatawa had a vision after nearly dying. Like Tenskwatawa he had spent years drinking alcohol and recognized its debilitating impact upon his people.

“When he was 60 years old and critically ill, Yonaguska fell into a trance. Certain that the end had come, his people gathered around him at the Soco Council House and mourned him for dead. In approximately 24 hours, however, Yonaguska awakened. When the chief addressed his people, he relayed a message from the spirit world: “The Cherokee must never again drink whiskey. Whiskey must be banished.” He then had Will Thomas write out a pledge: “The undersigned Cherokees, belonging to the town of Qualla,” it read, “agree to abandon the use of spirituous liquors.” Yonaguska then signed it, followed by the entire council and town. Preserved among Thomas’ papers, the pledge is now in the archives of the Mountain Heritage Center at Western Carolina University. From the signing of the pledge until his death in 1839 at the age of 80, whiskey was almost unknown among the Cherokees.” Kephart, Horace (1936). The Cherokees of the Smoky Mountains

When Christian missionaries came among his people to preach the Bible he insisted that it first be read to him before allowing it to be circulated among his people. After hearing the words of the Bible Chief Yonaguska responded,” Well, it seems a good book – strange that the white people are no better, after having had it for so long.”
In a move that assured the future of his people Chief Yonaguska adopted an orphaned white 14 year old boy named William Holland Thomas. The boy learnt the Cherokee customs as well as how to write in Cherokee. He also learned their legends, history, and culture. Furthermore, at the age of 16, Will opened his first business (a general store) and perfected his organizational, leadership, and managerial skills. With a volume of law books, Thomas also became a self-taught and persuasive lawyer and acquired knowledge that would prove critical to the Cherokees’ survival.

William Holland Thomas was later elected as a State Senator and through his business and political acumen he was able to protect his adopted people. Thus the Cherokee of Qualla, North Carolina successfully resisted the US Govt’s Indian Removal Act. Through the use of his own funds William H. Thomas purchased the land demanded from the Indians and then left it in the care of the Cherokee people. As a white man, Thomas could legally hold a deed to the lands and allow the Cherokee to live on them. Thus to this day the Eastern Band of the Cherokee people remain in their original ancestral homelands.

“This stone placed at the Great Council Tree marks the site of Tukabahchi 1686-1836 Capital of the Upper Creek Indian Nation. Here were born Efau Haujo, great medal chief, and Opothleyaholo, Creek leaders. Big Warrior resided nearby. Here came Tecumseh in 1811 to arouse the natives against the white settlers and was successfully opposed by Col. Benjamin Hawkins, principal agent for Indian Affairs south of the Ohio River. Here in 1823 Lee Compere established a Baptist mission school.” Placed May 13, 1929 by the Alabama Anthropological Society

2011 US Guv Honors Tecumseh’s Visit
Though his travels occurred over 200 years ago its impact is felt to this very day. On September 27, 2011 the Governor of the US State of Alabama issued a proclamation in commemoration of the 200th anniversary of Tecumseh’s visit to Tukabatchee, Alabama.

‘WHEREAS In the fall of 1811, Tecumseh of Creek and Shawnee ancestry came here to his mother’s town to persuade the Nation’s warriors to adopt his ideas of rejection of the presence of American intruders and return to traditional ways;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Robert Bentley, Governor of Alabama, do hereby do proclaim the October 1, 2011 “Tecumseh at Tukabatchee Bicentennial Day” in Alabama and extend honorable and warm greetings and hospitality to the Creek Nation of Oklahoma.”

On this bend of the Tallapoosa River, stretching out before you, lay one of the ancient towns of the Muscogee Creek People, called Tukabatchee. Tukabatchee is one of the original four mother towns of the old Creek Confederacy. Tukabatchee served as one of the Creek Confederacy capitals in the Upper Creek region on the Tallapoosa River. In the fall of 1811, Tecumseh of Creek and Shawnee ancestry came here to his mother’s town to persuade the Nation’s warriors to adopt his ideas of rejection of the presence of American intruders and return to traditional ways. Tecumseh’s visit to Tukabatchee represents the beginning of a series of events that resulted in the Creek War. Tecumseh addressed the nation gathered here and gave his war speech where he persuaded some Upper Creek warriors to take the war walk against the intruders. The Creek Confederacy was not totally unified in this nativistic movement which led to the Creeks fighting each other causing the Creek Civil War of 1813-1814.”
— Alabama Historical Association – 2011
Muskogee Language
American Indian Swastika and Names of Dances

And Tecumseh Spoke – ‘Hurling out his Words like a Succession of Thunderbolts’ Magazine Version

Tecumseh travelled throughout the land sharing his message of solidarity and unity. His tour took him to many towns all throughout the Indian country. The delivery of his message impressed all who listened.

US Army Brigadier General Samuel Dale Monument

The ‘Daniel Boone of Alabama’, General Samuel Dale, who had fought the Indians, provides an eyewitness account. “At length Tecumseh spoke, at first slowly and in sonorous tones; but soon he grew impassioned, and the words fell in avalanches from his lips. His eyes burned with supernatural lustre, and his whole frame trembled with emotion: his voice resounded over the multitude—now sinking in low and musical whispers, now rising to its highest key, hurling out his words like a succession of thunderbolts. I have heard many great orators but I have never seen one with the vocal powers of Tecumseh!” US Army Brigadier General Samuel Dale

Source: Primal Revelation at the Heart of Civilization

Tecumseh Speaks to the Indians of Alabama

Prof Rosser re: Demand in Indian Parliament to Ban Parker’s Books

The Politics of Historiography – by Yvette Claire Rosser PhD

Yvette Rani 12.12.12 DeerLakeLodge

Yvette Claire Rosser, PhD – Curriculum & Instruction, University of Texas, Austin “Curricula as Destiny: Forging National Identities in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh” comparison of Social Studies textbooks in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh Publications: Indoctrinating Minds, Politics of Education in Bangladesh, RUPA, New Delhi, 2004; Islamization of Pakistani Social Studies Textbooks, RUPA, New Delhi, 2003


Brannon Parker, Prof Rosser with Assamese Tribals Dec 2002

I am a scholar who investigates influences that impact the writing and rewriting of history in India. I am passionate about this topic, which I call the ‘Politicization of Historiography’, though there are other factors besides politics, such as social and cultural influences that can determine historical trajectories as well as socio-political theoretical constructs that can predetermine historiographical analyses. I am intrigued by this methodology of scholarly investigations.

I find it of great interest when politicians talk derisively about historians, or when government officials publically call a book into question. For me, personally and professionally, this is a never-ending source of academic entertainment – History in the Headlines.

Nagaland Post Article on Brannon Parker and Yvette Rosser’s Lecture Tour of Nagaland
Readable Version Dec 18, 2002 Nagaland Post
For the record Brannon Parker made a clear contrast between true Christianity, Lord Jesus Christ vs predatory weaponized religion. Re: Parker’s claim that Christianity is being used to stir up violent anti-national insurgency movements; the National Socialist Council of Nagaland continue their decades long war against both India and Myanmar. Their motto ‘Nagaland for Christ’ proves Parker’s point that some Christian Evangelicals are using religion as a weapon against India’s national unity

Because of my fascination with the politics of historiography in the Indian Subcontinent, I took note when in August 2014, on the floor of the Rajya Sabha, while participating in a “Parliamentary debate”, Member of Parliament, Digvijay Singh criticized several little-known history-type books. His comments were reported widely in the media. The Economic Times titled their article, “Digvijay Singh Attacks Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh in Rajya Sabha“. India Today says: “RSS ideology damaging India’s peace, says Digvijaya Singh”.

Slanted Indian Media portrays Indigenous Activism as terrorism and fascism. Using that same measure, every Great American Indian leader from Tupac Amaru, Chief Pontiac, Tecumseh, Crazy horse, Geronimo, and Sitting Bull would all be labeled as terrorists and fascists.

The newspapers quoted Singh verbatim, taking his word for it, that the books he referred to “were spreading communal ideology”. Usually journalists, to feign objectivity, write that the books or authors in question were ‘accused of’, or ‘suspected of’ spreading communalism, or Fascism, or Marxism, or whatever ideology is being criticized. Here the journalists just unquestioningly mouthed the politician’s proclamations.

Though Parker’s books are available on Amazon.com, it is obvious that the authors of the newspaper articles did not take the time to read the books that Digvijay Singh critiqued in the Rajya Sabha. Oddly, on the floor of Parliament, for some reason, Singh admitted his lack of Internet savvy.  It may have been politically expedient, that perhaps, prior to his rant, he needed to have asked his thirty-something aide (if he is lucky to have one) to use his or her cyber-savvy skills to do an Internet search for Brannon Parker and the India Foundation.

Indian Version of Brannon Parker’s Book

The newspaper articles noted that Digvijay Singh worried very vocally and at length about not being able to locate “The name of the publisher…” He claimed, as if it were a conspiracy, that the source of the controversial book was unknown, “We went to the address of the publisher, but the publisher was not found. On internet (sic) there is no information about India Foundation.”

The India Foundation

He noted, conspiratorially, that the “foreword of these books is written by Cabinet Minister (As of 3/2021 h India’s Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, Nirmala Sitaraman.”) Singh “demanded ban on these books and an enquiry into the issue.” However, at the time of the publication of Parker’s books, Ms. Sitaraman was involved with a school in Hyderabad and not an official of the BJP. Nonetheless, conspiracies are so much fun! (2014 article)

Dr Yvette Rosser far left with yellow shawl Brannon with arms raised with Assamese Tribals

When I searched the Internet for the India Foundation, I got over half a dozen hits. Such as IndiaFoundation.org and TheIndiaFoundation, and other versions for IndiaFoundation dot com or net, promoting various causes, such as feeding the poor or supporting the arts, mostly sponsored by NRI philanthropists. Among the various URLs, was the organization in question, Indiafoundation.in, [no .com]. It wasn’t the top hit, but it came up, with announcements of projects and publications and a video of a scholarly conference.  A rudimentary search also turned up a lot of information about the mysterious author, Michael Brannon Parker, condemned by Singh, denounced in Parliament for writing books, “There are books like ‘Harvest of Hate’ and ‘Kandhamal in Crossfire’ authored by Michael Parker and another book ‘Orissa in Crossfire’ by Brannon Parker.”


Digvijay Singh was miffed because “there is no information about the publisher neither on the book nor on the internet.” Seemingly he hadn’t figured out that Michael Parker was the same person as Brannon Parker, though that information is online for anyone to see. I Googled Michael Brannon Parker, and through the convenience of the Internet, I discovered another book he had written in 2012, ‘The Serpent, the Eagle, the Lion and the Disk’. That’s when I realized that Brannon is Vrindaban, and I actually know him! He is Vrin Parker, whom I met when he was a young man 17 years ago! Vrin Parker! I was so excited! I’ve never personally known anyone mentioned by name, much less condemned in the Indian State House of Parliament!

Former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh State, Member of Parliament Digvijay Singh, General Secretary of the Indian National Congress called for a Ban on Parker’s Books

I’ve not been in touch with Vrindavan for years, but after he was shouted down in New Delhi by a Member of Parliament, I found him on Facebook. I wasn’t surprised that he was taking up a voice for Hindus when he thinks that they are being discriminated against. Years ago I used to call him “Super Boy” because he was always rescuing the downtrodden. He was born and raised a Vaishnava and always felt it was his duty or dharma to defend faith. When I contacted him, last August, he was focused on the Yezidi crisis in Iraq.


Yezedi Women of Iraq

Vrin (aka Brannon) was very busy working with Yezidi refugees whose relatives were trapped on a mountaintop in Iraq by Islamic radicals. Brannon Parker was working with Yezidi people to create the Yezidi Sanatana Dharma Society (YSDS). He was working with over a dozen Yezidis, founders of the American chapter of Yezidi Human Right Organization, who “are also members of the Ancient Order of Peacock Angel and … affiliated with the Yezidi National Union…..”  The Yezidis explained, in an interview distributed by Vrin Parker, that their religion is a “mix of Vedic and Zoroastrian belief systems dating to 6000 years ago”.  


The organization, promoted by Brannon Parker, the “Yezidi Sanatana Dharma Society”, of which he was founding member, was “seeking help from the Indian and Hindu community” to help rescue their old brethren, lost for centuries, now trapped on a mountaintop. This was the Super-Boy-Hindu-Activist I remembered from the nineties! [Note: Vrin’s efforts for the Yezidis is paying off.]

Throughout his life, Vrin would always hold high the little known lost tribes of Hindus, such as an article he wrote recently for Hinduism Today, which, according to their website, was a “rare look at the Balamon Cham, one of only two surviving non-Indic indigenous Hindu peoples in the world, with a culture dating back thousands of years… The Cham … endured in central Vietnam from the 7th century well into the 19th. Yet they are 60,000 strong, and they have kept their traditions alive for centuries, far from India’s shores.” See:  Vietnam’s Champa Kingdom Marches On  (written by Brannon Parker)

Guwahati, Assam Sentinal newspaper features several Western Vedic Scholars. Parker and Rosser on right with American Indian activist Youngwolf, Scholar David Frawley and Author Stephen Knapp

I asked him about his controversial Orissa books. Vrin explained that when violence erupted in Orissa’s Kandhamal district the mainstream media was more like anti-Hindu propaganda than journalism. Accounts about the Kandhamal crisis described it as “yet another case of Hindu extremist anti-Christian violence”. Vrin went to Orissa to research the crisis.


Interestingly, the next year, the US State Dept’s 2009 Report on International Religious Freedom, agreed with Vrin’s assessment, writing that, “…the underlying causes that led to the violence have complex ethnic, economic, religious, and political roots related to land ownership and government reserved employment and educational benefits.”

Last Paragraph: US State Dept agrees with Brannon Parker’s conclusions, after receiving a copy feom Ram Madhav, former National General Secretary of the ruling BJP.
Renaissance Man Swami Lakshmananda of Kandhamal single-handedly uplifted the socio-economic conditions in the region. However he was publicly machine gunned to death by foreign backed Maoist Terrorists at 82 years old on Janmashtami, Krishna’s birthday. The killing destabilized the region causing mass ethnic conflict between the local Christians and Hindus. Due to the Swami’s efforts, Kandhamal ceased to be a primary recruiting zone for Maoist Terror groups. He was thus targeted for assassination

Brannon describes the struggles and triumphs of the local peoples in laudatory terms. In his books, now made famous by Digvijay Singh, Parker said he sought to highlight the “history of the indigenous people of the region. Long labeled as ‘a cruel human sacrificing tribe of ruthless savages’ it is time the truth be revealed.” Vrin feels strongly that “It is time for the world to learn about Kandha, the ‘God of Light’ and their Culture of Life.”  Vrindaban Parker, directed me to a copy of his book about the crisis in Orissa, from which I have extracted quotes.

The Original Americans Forgotten and Dspossessed of their Sacred Lands

Parker begins with quite a sensational, pan-civilizational, genocidal warning, “A social chaos, similar to that experienced by American tribes threatened the cultural stability of the entire region.”  He dwells at length on the background of the peoples who inhabit the area, writing, “It is important to understand the history of Kandhamal to get a perspective. Kandhamal has two distinct inhabitants — the tribal Kandhas and the Schedule Caste Panas. Their relations have a history of turbulence.”

 A product of U.S. Army-sanctioned mass slaughter of American bison in the 1800s. The slaughter was so “effective” that the population of bison in the U.S. is estimated to have dropped from around 60 million in 1800 to as few as 750 in 1890. Thus negating the US-Sioux treaty Bison hunting clause that allowed the Indians to keep their Land as long as the ‘Bison Roam’. Loss of Buffalo also destroyed Native self sufficient lifestyles

Parker’s investigations in Orissa revealed that, “The problem arises, when Christian Panas are unwilling to forgo the benefits of being members of Scheduled Castes. Not only have the Christian Panas obscured their religious identities as Christians, they have submitted fake certificates identifying themselves as members of the Kandha tribal community.”

He explained that such certificates were used to “usurp land, government and academic opportunities reserved for the Kandhas.” It is obvious that “alienation of tribal land is the foundation of the Kandha-Pana turmoil.”

 Parker’s soon-to-be-banned book continues, “Kandhas were blatantly disinherited from their lands for generations. Another major complication related to the land issue is that posed by Christians’ use of encroached lands to build churches.” Parker explains, “The Kandhas are understandably in an uproar over the loss of opportunity. A system that was designed to alleviate their poverty and social stagnation has been hijacked and their woes compounded.” Understandably, as Parker recounted examples of the causes of the turmoil in Kandhamal, he worriedly opined, “The dire consequences of a trauma denied and unresolved are always sudden and explosive.”

Odisha, India’s Kandha Tribal Dhap Dancers

Regardless, even though Digvijay Singh wants Vrindaban’s books banned, a judicial commission headed by Justice Sarat Chandra Mohapatra, reported in 2009 that the same “socio-economic problems”, reported by Brannon Parker, were the “prime provocation for Kandhamal violence.”

The Justice SC Mohapatra report explained that, “The violence in Kandhamal was the result of concentrated discontentment prevailing among the people since long. They relate to conversion, re-conversion; land-grabbing and non-maintenance of land records; and fake certificate issues.”

Brannon Parker offering Respect to the Kandha Earth Goddess

Parker lamented that many public officials in India are clueless about the causes of the turmoil in Orissa. That “Kandhamal’s real problems are being disregarded and there is a deliberate miscalculation in handling the issue.” But Digvijay Singh is a man of his word, and will undoubtedly continue to believe that along with his favorite Taliban-type Maha-nemesis, the evil terrorist-producing entity, notorious Hitler-loving service organization, the RSS, Brannon Parker will forever be branded an enemy combatant whose works of history must be banned.

Hundi/Bursung, Earth Goddess of the Bonda tribe

Digvijay Singh will remain committed to his convictions and will inevitably continue to believe, and proclaim, for the rest of his term, that the things he said about Brannon Parker at the Rajya Sabha in August, 2014, are true, and Vrin’s books are dangerous. No matter what details and facts Digvijay finds out in September or October and beyond…. he will remain true to his perspectives, spoken in August, whether they hold water or not… so committed is he to his proclamations.

India’s Leading Conspiracy Theorist, Digvijay Singh welcomes Italy’s Sonia Gandhi as Leader of India. Ironically as the West is coming to terms with its ‘white privilege,’ Diggy Singh leads the charge in empowering a white woman to rule over a nation of over a billion ‘people of color’.

After all, Singh continues to maintain that the Batla House encounter was a staged event and police conspiracy, and supposedly that the much-decorated police officer, Mohan Chand Sharma, was responsible for his own murder. No matter if the Delhi High Court and National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) found “no conspiracy or violation of human rights by the Delhi police or any violations of human rights in the altercation with suspected terrorists”. Digvijay Singh got this one wrong too, though he maintained his erroneous stance, long after it was proven to have been in error.

Wikipedia has a long narrative about the Batla House Encounter Wiki states that Mohan Chand Sharma “was a much decorated police officer and had won seven gallantry medals including the President of India‘s Medal in 2009. He was posthumously awarded India’s highest peace-time military decoration the Ashoka Chakra on 26 January 2009.”

Brannon at the ruins of the Son of Bhima’s Palace, Dimapur, Nagaland, India (Photo: Rosser)

Digvijay Singh continues to assert that Sharma died due to inter-departmental conspiracies and cover-ups. Though the Batla House encounter was proven to have been genuine, Singh continued to maintain that his opinion and demands were correct. The Times of India noted that, “The judgement has once again exposed the habit of Congress general secretary to give controversial and irresponsible statement. However, Singh refused to take back his words even after the court judgement.”

When he is not comparing the RSS to the Taliban, Digvijay Singh compares them to the Nazis even though years ago, the Israeli embassy requested that Digvijay Singh desist in calling his political opponents Nazis and comparing the situation in India to the holocaust. “Israel protests comparison of RSS with Nazis”The Times of India, December 21, 2010.

FYI: I have added two things to this letter, first a description of Vrin Parker’s book that is not about Orissa, ‘The Serpent, the Eagle, the Lion and the Disk’, followed by a statement from the Yezidi Sanatana Dharma Society (YSDS).

‘The Serpent, the Eagle, the Lion and the Disk’ covers, “The preeminent symbols of the sacred in the ancient world. The Ancients associated these symbols with the Divine. Many theories have been developed regarding these symbols yet the mystery still remains. This is particularly true of the aniconic winged disk symbol. How and why does the same symbol have the same meaning to so many people of diverse cultures and civilizations? Was it the symbol of an all-conquering triumphalist Egyptian or Sumerian Empire or perhaps of a vanished race from beyond the stars? Or is it a representation of a universal transcendent experience? The pieces of this puzzle have long been scattered throughout history, hidden amongst the mystical traditions of the world. Unravel the truly astounding and majestic history of religion, civilization and God. This book represents a Startling Revelation and a Revolutionary New Look at the Origins of Humanity’s Common Mystical Experience, its Religion, Culture and the Rise of Civilization.”

Yezidi Statement: The Yezidi of Iraq are being genocided merely based upon our religion. The Yezidi religion is mix of Vedic and Zoroastrian belief systems dating to 6000 years ago. It is widely held by the Yezidi that we are ancient Aryans related to the Medes civilization.

Some of our short term goals are providing food and shelter for Yezidi who have been displaced.  To achieve this we will start a fundraising effort specifically for the Yezidi-Hindu alliance. We will work with any and all aid groups providing food, clothing and medical supplies to the Yezidi. We want to work thru the Indian Embassy in Iraq to ensure that all Yezidi aid reaches Yezidis and not the Kurds.

LONG TERM GOALS

  • Work with the Iraqi government and the UN to protect Yezidi rights. We also seek to establish a quota system within the Iraqi parliament which will allow for our people proper representation within the Iraqi government
  • Support relocation efforts of Yezidi people who want to immigrate to non-muslim lands
  • Support efforts to maintain Yezidi control and social and autonomous governing functions of current Yezidi homelands
  • Urge the UN to establish Yezidi holy sites as National Heritage sites
  • Grants for Yezidi Students to study in India
  • Sister City arrangements between India and Yezidi towns
  • Organize Yezidi tours of India
  • Invite the Indian Govt to open a consulate branch in Shekan or Sinjar or any other town suggested by the Yezidi leadership
  • Invite Indians to visit Yezidi towns and events
  • Develop Student exchange programs when possible
  • Organize Indian school kids to send care packages to Yezidi children
  • Organize Yezidi-Indian get-togethers in towns where their populations overlap
  • Declare mutual declarations of support for Yezidi and Hindu communities under attack
  • Setup a website to coordinate and share relevant information
  • Participate in the many Indigenous and Pagan events taking place around the world
  • Formally join the ICCS as a member
  • Fund Yezidis scholars and victims and activists to tour the world exposing their experiences with Islamists
  • Work on a documentary on Yezidi and Indic relations
  • Identify key Yezidi activist and leaders and invite their participation at the diplomatic level with the Indian govt. Arrange meetings between them and India’s leadership both at the Governmental and Societal levels
  • Maintain a commitment to the Yezidi- Hindu alliance through interactive participation in each others causes and cultures
  • Expand and consolidate bonds of sincere friendship between the Yezidi and Hindu communities.
  • Develop cooperative efforts to achieve the basic interests of health, safety and freedom of religion and expression in order to achieve not just peace but prosperity for our communities
  • Work towards easing international tensions and the elimination of religious persecution, neo-colonialism, Islamist terrorism and protect our people’s from the onslaught of religious chauvinism and predatory conversionary efforts anywhere in the world
  • Demand that the basic human rights of both Hindus and Yezidis be protected and internationally recognized as non-optional
  • Uphold the principles of peaceful coexistence and co-operation between the diverse religious expressions found within both our traditions. Publicly defend this multiplicity of expression as the foundation of harmonious civilization
  • Attempt to resolve our crisis and all international problems through cooperation and supporting police actions, conflict and warfare only as a last resort in that order
  • Confirm our determination to abide by the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter and demand full UN recognition of the Yezidi as a distinct community and civilization separate from the Kurdish, Arab, Turcoman and Persian communities
  • Maintain the integrity of our bond by not entering into any obligation, secret or public, with one or more States, organizations or entities which are incompatible with the goals of the Yezidi-Hindu friendship and alliance
  • Abstain from providing any assistance to any third parties that engage in the defamation, trivialization or denigration of Yezidi or Hindu cultures. Abstain from supporting any group that engages in terrorism or armed conflict against the other Party. In the event of either group being attacked in media or through warfare, terrorism or any such threats to our people thereof, we agree to enter into mutual consultations in order to remove such threats. We also agree to take appropriate effective measures to ensure peace and the security for our communities
  • The YSDS shall promote further development of ties and contacts between our communities in the fields of science, art, literature, education, public health, press, radio, television, cinema, tourism and sports
  • Through the auspices of YSDS we will maintain regular contacts with each other in order to facilitate the preservation and enhancement of Yezidi traditions and cultures. We will work together on any related community and international problems that affect the interests of both our peoples. We will do this by organizing meetings, through visits by official delegations and special envoys from our two communities and by the sharing of and the wide dissemination and promotion of the perspectives, views and efforts of our leading activists, scholars, Govt ministers and statesmen

The group’s founding members are

Aziz Tamoyan

Khdr Hajoyan

Feleknas Uca

Mîkael Ezîdî

Nallein Sowillo

Nalin Mira

Obed Reyes

Eli Reyes

Pushpendra Rai

Brannon Parker

Sanjeev Iyer

Note: Digvijay Singh may indeed have something to fear, since calling out Vrindavan Parker, Super-Buoy-Indomitable-Defender-of-Hinduism!  Though any perceived threats are all on the scholarly, intellectual, and metaphysical/esoteric level since Vrin Parker is living a humble yet ‘engaging life’ in Hawaii, much like a Sadhu.  In between organizing cultural and academic events, he helps his parents in their various projects, works on his health regimen, pursues his hobbies all the while helping to educate the public and through it all, bravely defending the Dharma.

Left: Atul Jog, NE India Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram VKA Chief. After giving up his Engineering job, Atul Jog dedicated his life to the service of India’s Tribal Communities. Assam, India Dec 2002
NE India News, Tejpur, India Oct 2008
Speaking with Local Leaders, Assam, India
Speaking at the All NE India Tribal Conference 2008
Arunachal Pradesh, India Dec 2003
Tribal Archery Attempt, Arunachal Pradesh, Dec 2003
Sharing the home brew – Rice Wine Assam, India
Speaking at a Celebration of then Indian PM Vajpayee’s Birthday
With the Aputani Tribe Arunachal Pradesh, India
NE India, once a hotbed of anti-Indian insurgency and anti-national separatists movements, is now transformed into an Indian Nationalist Stronghold, orange regions. This has been directly linked to the leadership of Ram Madhav’s arranging the repeated Native Pride themed tours of people like Brannon Parker, Yvette Rosser, David Frawley and Stephen Knapp

‘Tollan/Tula/Toltec’ Examining Cultural Historical Names of Central America: Comparison of Sanskrit & World Language

By Neil Kalia Robinson

What if anything, do the Central American Nahuatl (Azteca) words TULA & TEC have in relation with Sanskrit words TULA & TAKSHA? Are they too remote to be directly linked as some have proposed or is there actually some evidence of a world language, (Sanskrit or Devanagari) that has long been forgotten? 

Devanagari script from a section of the Sanskrit Bhagavata-purana, c. 1880–c. 1900; British Library.
Balinese Maya Danava
There were so many facets of fine woodworking that aren’t even thought of in Western carpentry” – The Soul of a Tree George Nakashima Whilst working in India in 1936, building a monastery, George became a disciple of the philosopher and yogi, Sri Aurobindo which contributed greatly to George’s spiritual evolution
Traditional Afan-Oromo Singer
The Great Serpent Sacrifice, Sarpa Satra performed by Emperor Janamejaya of the Kuru empire 
The Naga Takshaka Spared from Being Sacrificed
Neil Kalia Robinson

Artist, Sanskrit scholar, Traditional Storyteller, Researcher and Cultural Activist

One of Honolulu Hawaii’s imminent and popular artists, Neil Kalia’s murals decorated many of Honolulu”s premier clubs, venues, halls and Temples. Musician, DJ, promoter, and Co-founder of Vedic Empire Productions. Neil has spent over 30 years researching the cross cultural connections between the world’s ancient traditions and languages. One of the world’s leading scholars and researchers on ancient Polynesian tradition and language and it’s Sanskrit and Vedic roots.

Neil Kalia’s 30 foot Shiva Mural Climber’s Paradise, Honolulu, Hawaii (vid Screen cap)
Traditional Storytelling

Brannon Parker’s Speech & Tour – Assam & Arunachal Pradesh

Dec 2002-Jan 2003 Brannon Parker lectured and toured the States of NE India. He highlights that the Indigenous Faiths of India are Valuable and Authentic. He also differentiates the teachings of Jesus Christ from the Aggressive Proselytizing tactics of today’s ‘Christians’. Today many Christians and others of faith have failed to recognize their own God within the Indigenous World’s sacred traditions. Thus turmoil ensues. Parker also points out that unlike other major religions Hinduism does not attempt to supplant and devalue the Tribal Faith Traditions.

Watch Brannon’s NE India Speaking Tour

Recognizing that Indigenous Faith and Culture are synonymous and the two cannot be separated, India’s indigenous activists recognize the sacred at the roots of all life. It is this concept that has maintained the environmental and social equilibrium of India for thousands of years. When people forget the underlying spiritual foundation of life and become disconnected from their roots, social and cultural atrophy develops.

Thus today we find that the Pyramids of Egypt are there yet the religion and culture of the pyramid builders has disappeared from the face of the earth. The Grand relics of Greece remain yet the religion which inspired these structures now stands extinct. The magnificent structures of Mexico, Peru, Africa, China and elsewhere now only remain as Museum spectacles.

It is primarily India alone that has preserved both the grand structures and the traditions of the Ancients. Yet today in India the effort to preserve and enhance the ways of the ancestors has been met with stiff resistance. Hostility reigns as Traditionalists are labeled as fundamentalists and backward reprobates and obstacles to progress.

Over the years Vrndavan Parker has traveled India in order to inspire and inform the natives of the value of their own cultures and traditions. Recognizing that the same tragedy which engulfed the Natives of the Americas, Australia, Africa etc. he, along with other activists has made a stand to support those confronted by the ongoing Cultural Genocide of Native India.

Vibrant Culture is based on Faith and a direct recognition of the Spiritual and Devotional component. Thus by reinforcing the faith and traditions of Indigenous India, it is not Indian society alone that  benefits, but rather the entire world is benefited.

Alexander the Great Worships Blue Amun Ra & Eye of the Serpent

“Alexander is the King of the South and North, He is chosen of Amun, Beloved of Ra and the Son of Ra, Lord of Risings” Carving and Inscription of Alexander the Great Worshiping a Blue Amun Ra. Amun Temple Thebes, (Luxor) Egypt.

Amun Ra is also holding an Ankh or a crux ansata (Latin meaning “cross with a handle”.) The Cross, the Ankh, the Swastika and the Disc are all representative of the same thing. It is verily the Sudarshana Chakra of Vishnu.

Close up Amun Ra

In the original Egyptian language the word Ankh is a combination of the letters ayin, nun and ha. Ayin in fact means EYE and the letter nun means Serpent. Vishnu’s Sudarshana Chakra literally means Auspicious Vision Disc. And this Disc is in fact an Avatar of the Divine Serpent Ananta.

Thus the ancient Egyptian word Ankh has within it the words and concept of the EYE and the Serpent exactly like Vishnu’s Sudarshana. And just like Vishnu, Amun Ra is depicted as blue and he holds an Eye Serpent emblem (Sudarshan Chakra) in his hand.

Note: Vultures, Eagles, Falcons, Hawks, Condors are Symbolically One and the Same

These are just two similarities. When combined with Amun Ra’s Eagle/Hawk associate and avatar and not just any snake, but often blue Cobras resting over his head, along with Amun Ra’s various titles, activities and descriptions that are an exact match with Vishnu’s, it is obvious that the ancient Egyptians worshiped the same Godhead as the Vaishnavas of India.

Ananta Shesha Naga Carrying Vishnu in His Auspicious Vision Form as the Disc – Su Darshana Chakra. From the Reverse Side of King Tutankhamun’s Throne
Purport by Bhaktiananda Goswami / David Sherman

UN Report: Mt Kailash-Vast Human Built Pyramid Complex?

Axis Mundi

Nor should one ignore recent Russian studies of Tibet and the Kailas range in particular, the results of which, if true, could radically alter our thinking on the growth of civilizations. One of the ideas the Russians have put forward is that Mt. Kailas could be a vast, human-built pyramid, the centre of an entire complex of smaller pyramids, a hundred in total. This complex, moreover, might be the centre of a world–wide system connecting other monuments or sites where paranormal phenomena have been observed. It is difficult to explain all the available information in a short article for UN Special

Questions… Enigma… Mysteries…
By Evelina Rioukina, UNECE

The Axis Mundi, the centre of the universe, the navel of the world, the world pillar, Kang Tisé or Kang Rinpoche (the ‘Precious Jewel of Snow’ in Tibetan), Meru (or Sumeru), Swastika Mountain, Mt. Astapada, Mt. Kangrinboge (the Chinese name) – all these names, real or legendary, belong to one of the holiest and most mysterious mounptains in the world – Mount Kailash. Both geography and mythology play roles in the sacred significance of Mount Kailas. This holy mountain rises to an altitude of 6714 meters.

It cannot compete with peaks in the nearby Himalayan range, which includes Mount Everest, and its grandeur lies not in height but in its distinct shape – four sheer faces marking the cardinal points of the compass – and its solitary location, free of neighboring mountains that might dwarf or obscure it. Mt. Kailas is regarded as the earthly manifestation of the Hindus’ mythic Mount Meru, or Sumeru, the spiritual center of the universe, the axis mundi in Buddhist and Jain as well as Hindu cosmology. The area around this great mountain is the source of four life-giving rivers; the Indus, Brahmaputra, Surlej and Karnali, which is a major tributary of India’s sacred Ganges, begin here.

Mt. Kailas (photo 2)

To further enhance the symbolic mysticism of the mountain as a sacred place, two lakes are situated at the base of the mountain. The higher lake Manasarovar (one of the highest freshwater lakes in the world), is the sacred lake, and is round like the sun. The lower lake Rakhast Tal (one of the highest salt-water lakes) is the devil’s lake and has the shape of the crescent moon. The two lakes represent solar and lunar forces, good and negative energies respectively.

To Tibetan Buddhists, Kailas is the abode of the tantric meditational deity Demchog. Hindus see Kailas as the throne of the great god Shiva, one of their most significant deities. Jains revere Kailas as the site at which their first prophet received enlightenment. Buddhist, Hindu and Jain pilgrims from the world over go to this holy mountain to circumambulate. Climbing Mount Kailas is forbidden (the only person to have ever been atop the sacred mountain is Milarepa, a 11th century Tibetan Buddhist yogi).

Long before Buddhism took root in Tibet in the 7th century Kailas was venerated by the adherents of the Bön (or Bonpos or Bönpos), the indigenous, religion of the region who maintained that the mystic region around Mt. Kailas and the Nine-Story Swastika Mountain was the seat of all power. When viewed from the south face, a swastika can indeed be seen.

According to Bön accounts, while the circumambulation is made (anticlockwise, whereas followers of the other religion walk in the clockwise direction) 18 powerful and enlightened teachers will appear in this eon including Tnpa Shenrab, the most powerful of them, the founder of the Bön religion. He is said to have been born in the mythical land of Olmo Lung Ring, whose location remains something of a mystery. The land is traditionally described as dominated by Mount Yungdrung Gu-tzeg (edifice of nine swastikas), which many identify as Mount Kailash.

Legends of a mythic land were spread throughout the centuries and became of interest to philosophers, adventurers, theologists and even… political leaders! It received many names: Shambhala, Shangri-La, etc., and many locations have been suggested: the Tibet plateau, the Gobi desert, the Altai, but the Mount Kailas range is most frequently named. The poem by Frank Scassellatii below best describes the curious mixture of past and present, mysticism and reality:

“There Lies a World Hidden, Mysterious, unknown, and forbidden.Where dwell entities with technologies beyond our comprehension, And knowledge kept hidden from us, in this other dimension.Will the truth ever be revealed? Earthly forces of power and greed forever sealed, Forbidden knowledge for warfare to wield. When humankind understands,To use the knowledge acquired from these strange lands.For the benefit of humankind, Then entrance into their world we will find.”

Painting of Nicholas Roerich.
The complex of pyramids around Mt. Kailas
Detailed schema of Mr. Kailas

The interest has been universal. Tsar Nikolai Romanov had some connection with Tibet through the monk Badmaev, who was himself closely associated with a highly placed Tibetan, the lama Agvan Dordzhiyev, tutor and confidant of the 13th Dalai Lama. Dordzhiyev equated Russia with the coming Kingdom of Shambhala anticipated in the Kalachakra texts of Tibetan Buddhism. The lama opened the first Buddhist temple in Europe, in St. Petersburg, significantly dedicated to Kalachakra teaching. One of the Russian artists who worked on the St.Petersburg temple was Nicholas Roerich, who had been introduced by Dordzhiyev to the legend of Shambhala and to eastern thought. George Gurdjieff, another mystic who had some impact on Western thought, knew Prince Ukhtomsky, Badmaev, and Dordzhiyev. Gurdjieff was accused by the British of being a Russian spy in Central Asia, a pupil of the mysterious Tibetans. Even Marx had contacts with Tibetan lamas as did Lenin who met some of them in Switzerland.

Mountain Kailash

What were these people interested in and what attracted them to Tibet? The beauty of the mountains or the mysticism? The desire to find the remains of lost civilizations or the desire to learn how to acquire extreme power so as to govern the world? Not only contacts with lamas, but even expeditions were organised in this area.

What, for example, brought about the odd juxtaposition of Tibetan lamas and German SS officers on the eve of World War II? The search for lost remnants of an imagined Aryan race hidden somewhere on the Tibetan plateau? Or some other reason? It is known that Nazi leaders such as Heinrich Himmler believed that River might harbour the last of the original Aryan tribes, the legendary forefathers of what was considered the German race whose Aryan leaders were supposed to possess supernatural powers that the Nazis thought they could use to conquer the world. Ideas about an Aryan or master race began to appear in the popular media in the late nineteenth century.

In the 1890s, E. B. Lytton, a Rosicrucian, wrote a best-selling novel around the idea of a cosmic energy (particularly strong in the female sex), which he called «Vril.» Later he wrote of a Vril society, consisting of a race of super-beings that would emerge from their underground hidingplaces to rule the world. The Vril Society claimed to have links to Tibetan masters, apparently drawing on the ideas of Madame Blavatsky, the theosophist, who supported the existence of super-beings in a mystic land which she described in such well-known works as the Secret Doctrine. She claimed to be in telepathic contact with spiritual masters in Tibet and confirmed that she was receiving this information from them.

Nikolai Roerich went to the region of Tibet where he spent several years. Depending on the source, the reasons for his mission vary, from purely botanic studies in the region of the Gobi desert on behalf of the US Government to political and spiritual. He may have been inspired by Kalachakra teaching and legends of Shambhala while working at the painting of St.Petersburg temple, described above. His painting “The Path to Kailas” can be seen in the New York museum dedicated to his work. He devoted many years to the search for this mystic land.

Many of these people were ready to believe in the existence of the super-natural in whatever form – higher intelligence, power, or energy. This interest remains strong to this day in many countries, to find this axis mundi, the most powerful place, the highest power, or the hidden intelligence in whatever form it exists, if indeed it does.

Nor should one ignore recent Russian studies of Tibet and the Kailas range in particular, the results of which, if true, could radically alter our thinking on the growth of civilizations. One of the ideas the Russians have put forward is that Mt. Kailas could be a vast, human-built pyramid, the centre of an entire complex of smaller pyramids, a hundred in total. This complex, moreover, might be the centre of a world–wide system connecting other monuments or sites where paranormal phenomena have been observed.

It is difficult to explain all the available information in a short article for UN Special. I have copied in the photo below the pyramidal complex as proposed by the Russians. The idea of the pyramid in this region is not new. It goes back to the timeless Sanskrit epic of the Ramayana. Since then, numerous travellers, especially in the beginning of the 20th century, have expressed the view that Mt.Kailas is too perfect to be a totally natural phenomenon, or at any rate give the appearance of human intervention.

For example: In shape it (Mount Kailas) resembles a vast cathedral… the sides of the mountain are perpendicular and fall sheer for hundreds of feet, the strata horizontal, the layers of stone varying slightly in colour, and the dividing lines showing up clear and distinct…… which give to the entire mountain the appearance of having been built by giant hands, of huge blocks of reddish stone. (G.C. Rawling, The Great Plateau, London, 1905).
However, it is only fair to add that the Russian claims to have discovered in the Mt.Kailas area the highest ever human-built pyramids were denied three years later by Chinese scientists in the official Chinese Press.

Mount Kailash

Of human construction or not, Mt. Kailas is one of the most mysterious, secret and at the same time one of the most holy and sacred mountains of Asia, if not of the world) the circumambulation of which has for many centuries or possibly many millennia remained a vital pilgrimage, symbolising the life’s stages of death, purification and rebirth. Buddhists and Jains refer to the circumambulation as khora, Hindus as parikrama. A single circumambulation equals one turn of the Wheel of Life and will wipe away the sins of one’s life, twelve circumambulations will purify one’s karma for all past and future lives, enlightenment is attained after 108. Even one khora presents an extremely difficult task since the mountain is difficult of access and dangerous.

Dangers or not, some of us may dream of discovering for ourselves what there is to be seen on this mountain. Pending this adventure, I decided to speak to some of the few people who have circumambulated the mountain and recorded their personal experiences, to ask for their records and to interview them. Their replies are the subject of one of the next issues of UNSpecial!
January-August 2004

(With deep thanks to Mr. Wolf Scott, former Deputy Director of UNRISD,
for helping me to systematise and to structure very complicated material resulted from many months of research and studies of numerous sources and private archives

Original Article

Quietly Making an Impact in the War Against Truth

The voice crying in the wilderness, is it heard by anyone? If heard does it resonate or have any effect? When it comes to the truth it certainly does.

In June 2013, the UK based Hindu Today magazine published the article “Krishna and Shiva Worship in Ancient China”. (I was officially US editor and was tasked with approving final layout, design and all articles from non-UK based writers.)

One month after the article was published…In July 2013, The Hindu Newspaper, one of India’s oldest and prominent news outlets, (mainstream secular paper despite Hindu name) published an article called “Behind China’s Hindu temples, a forgotten history”

Despite direct access to the ancient artifacts and the interest and cooperation of local experts, the Hindu News editorial staff chose to obscure the details of the discoveries.

The Hindu also produced a short informative video as well. Behind China’s Hindu temples, a forgotten history. It features the Narasimha panel at the Kaiyuan Temple, (without actually showing it.) Interestingly, the caretaker, Huang Yishan, describes Narasimha as a symbol of ‘Man’s Wisdom and the Lion’s Courage.’

Vid Screen cap

The article originally featured the author”s photograph of the Narasimha carvings. This was removed however in an updated 2016 version. Even more telling is the fact they do not actually show the Narasimha panel in the video, despite interviewing a man about the panel, as hes literally standing right in front of it!

The Hindu editorial staff decided to publish the article, make a video about it yet never actually show the artifact, and then remove the picture of the Narasimha sculpture highlighted in the article. They also obscured the panels featuring childhood Krishna’s Vrindavan lila as “mythological stories related to Vishnu.” In fact these panels were totally ignored. As if ancient Chinese Krishna carvings are not of intense interest to a country of 700 million Krishna worshippers! They removed all the very informative comments as well.

Panels featuring Narasimha and Child Krishna that The Hindu Newspaper refused to share

So why remove the only photo highlighting the very focus of the article? Why totally ignore the rarest and most unique artifacts, the Child Krishna panels? Why remove thought provoking inspired comments (sample added below) that prove the public’s interest?

That is a huge topic but it’s done for the same reason that most ancient statues, icons or paintings of Blue Divinities are generally obscured and ignored. The agenda? Keep the true history of Humanity’s shared heritage hidden from the people of the world.

The updated version of the article features this image yet no updated caption is provided. However the left side features a centaur-like Vanara. In Sanskrit both Vanara and Kinnara translate as a question, “Is it (hu)man?” Kinnaras are often depicted in Vedic/Buddhist art. Did the Chinese sculptures confuse the words Vanara and Kinnara? Is there another example of a half lion half Vanara creature?
Original 2013 Version of the Hindu article

Quality Discourse Required in the Search for Truth

“The courage to enter discussions to test one’s own viewpoint with the sole objective of honing the truth, which is the emblem of first-class discourse, seems no longer the standard. This was not always the case. There is an Indian philosophy called Nyāya, the school of logic, where a standard for quality discourse was promoted. That standard was called vāda, where those with a particular conviction are encouraged to put forth their best arguments, not to seek victory over other ideas, but to do so with detachment and aimed only at discovering the truth.”

Unfortunately, the debate I see going on today in practically all spheres—and certainly in this life-and-death matter of vaccination—is not a search for truth, but a focus on justifying one’s own strongly held beliefs, which are often based on one’s attachments.

Discussion has therefore degraded to the two lower standards of public discourse that the school of Nyāya sought to discourage: jalpa, seeking victory even by resorting to fallacies and distortions; and vitaṇḍā, or the attempt to simply destroy one’s opposition without even bothering to offer a reasonable alternative. Perhaps we have become even worse, since these days we too often refuse to engage in discourse with those who oppose us and instead justify censoring others’ views.

Whom can we trust? How can we make educated decisions?  Source: Dhanurdhara Swami